Besides gaining reputation with your questions and answers, you receive badges for being especially helpful. Badges appear on your profile page, flair, and your posts.

Question Badges

First bounty you manually award on another person's question
10 awarded
First bounty you manually award on your own question
25 awarded
Ask a good question on 5 separate days, and maintain a positive question record
121 awarded
First bounty you offered on another person's question
18 awarded
Question score of 10 or more
373 awarded
Question with 1,000 views
1.4k awarded
First bounty you offer on your own question
45 awarded
Ask a question and accept an answer
1.3k awarded
First question with score of 1 or more
2.2k awarded
Asked a question with zero score, no answers, no comments, and low views for a week
57 awarded

Answer Badges

Edit and answer 1 question (both actions within 12 hours, answer score > 0)
36 awarded
Answer score of 10 or more
459 awarded
Answer more than 30 days after a question was asked as first answer scoring 2 or more
181 awarded
Answer your own question with score of 3 or more
18 awarded
Answer a question with score of 1 or more
1.6k awarded

Participation Badges

Complete "About Me" section of user profile
4.7k awarded
Visit an election during any phase of an active election and have enough reputation to cast a vote
Leave 10 comments
359 awarded
Earn at least 200 reputation (the daily maximum) in a single day
23 awarded
Followed the Area 51 proposal for this site before it entered the commitment phase
64 awarded
One post with score of 2 on meta
84 awarded
Post 10 messages, with 1 or more starred, in chat
30 awarded

Tag Badges

You must have a total score of 100 in at least 20 non-community wiki answers to achieve this badge.
37 awarded

Moderation Badges

First flagged post
292 awarded
First rollback
23 awarded
First down vote
333 awarded
Complete at least one review task. This badge is awarded once per review type
329 awarded
Delete own post with score of 3 or higher
3 awarded
First edit
1.3k awarded
Edit first post that was inactive for 6 months
63 awarded
First retag
98 awarded
Delete own post with score of -3 or lower
18 awarded
Approve or reject 100 suggested edits
5 awarded
Use 30 votes in a day
52 awarded
First up vote
3k awarded
First approved tag synonym
6 awarded
First tag wiki edit
36 awarded
Use the maximum 40 votes in a day
25 awarded

Other Badges

Visited every section of the FAQ (retired)
79 awarded
Share a link to a question later visited by 25 unique IP addresses
27 awarded
Read the entire tour page
308 awarded