Take the 2-minute tour ×
Physical Fitness Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for physical fitness professionals, athletes, trainers, and those providing health-related needs. It's 100% free, no registration required.

I'm wondering why is the single leg version of the deadlift is usually performed with stiff legs. For instance, exrx.net and most of the youtube videos that teach the single leg deadlift show it with stiff legs. What is the reason for this? Are there any risks when performing the single leg deadlift like the standard one?

share|improve this question
add comment

2 Answers

up vote 6 down vote accepted

A big portion of it is simply the mechanics of the lift. Just try to stand on one leg in a conventional deadlift stance (sumo would be impossible). You run into the big question of what to do with the leg you aren't using. If you stick it in front of you like a pistol, grabbing the bar becomes nearly impossible. If you stick it behind you there is a high likelihood that you don't have the flexibility to keep it behind you like a half split while you initiate the pull.

  • The stiff single leg deadlift is a natural movement
  • You have the advantage of the other leg acting as a cantilever to help you lift heavier
  • The stiff leg helps target the hamstrings and glutes more, which make it a good assistance exercise.

The second portion is understanding what the exercise is designed to target. The primary part of the posterior chain that single leg deadlifts are hitting is the hamstrings, and secondarily the glutes. As such, you need to follow these guidelines:

  • Don't lock your knee, that puts more stress on the tendons and ligaments rather than the muscle itself
  • Do try to minimize how much you bend the support leg. That increases the stretch reflex, and ultimately your flexibility. It also allows you to snap back more quickly.

In the video you linked to, the leg was bent too much to be of much use on the hamstring and glutes. Instead, it will be more focused on the hips. It also loses the stretch reflex making it less bio-mechanically advantageous.

share|improve this answer
    
Thanks for your answer. I'm not sure whether I've understood the flexibility part correctly: Personally I have more flexibility issues with the stiffed-legged version than when I do it like this: youtube.com/watch?v=LA1n11ph_wU –  zero-divisor Apr 25 '13 at 20:36
    
See my updated answer. –  Berin Loritsch Apr 26 '13 at 1:13
    
But the way it is performed in the video I linked to is the more similar to the bilateral deadlift, isn't it? Why is the bilateral deadlift performed mostly with non-stiff legs if this is less advantageous? –  zero-divisor Apr 26 '13 at 5:05
1  
@zero-divisor, take some time to understand what the movements are supposed to be addressing. The conventional deadlift is a full body lift, meant to be loaded very heavy. You need the stability to lift in excess of 300lbs. Single leg and stiff leg (two legs planted) are more isolation exercises targeting a specific group of muscles. –  Berin Loritsch Apr 26 '13 at 11:40
    
Ah ok I see. Thanks! –  zero-divisor Apr 26 '13 at 14:11
add comment

The single leg deadlift is done with a stiff-legged due to the fact that it's biomachanically advantage:

  1. Keep balance
  2. Increase leverage
  3. Natural movement pattern

From a Sports Physical Therapist standpoint, I prescribe all single leg exercises to include the single leg deadlift for a few reasons:

  1. To maximize side to side muscle isolation
  2. To decrease compensatory movement/dominance from one side to another
  3. To be sports-specific and functional, since most sports and daily activities are single leg activities (walking, reaching, running, jumping, cutting, etc.)
  4. To improve propriocenption or balance enhancement
  5. Also, all of these reasons can later enhance injury prevention

As for as muscle recruitment goes, read this article. Basically, stiff-legged deadlift has been shown to recruit more hamstrings, glutes and paraspinal muscles.

There are risks for all exercises; however, with proper form and technique, the single leg deadlift is safe and effective for the above reasons. Hope this helps!

share|improve this answer
    
Thanks, but why is it mostly performed stiff-legged? –  zero-divisor Apr 25 '13 at 20:13
    
@zero-divisor I just added the scientific article to furthur assist your question. Thanks for reminding me. –  DrTrungNguyen Apr 25 '13 at 20:19
    
The paper compares Squat, Leg Curl and stiff-legged (2-legged) Deadlift, but this does not correspond to my question, does it? –  zero-divisor Apr 25 '13 at 20:33
    
@zero-divisor You are correct regarding the paper. The paper is to prove the muscle recruitment when doing stiff-legged deadlifts. With this evidence, I thought I also gave you my reasoning for the "single leg exercises to include single leg stiff-legged deadlift. Please let me know if I'm not understanding your questions. –  DrTrungNguyen Apr 25 '13 at 20:36
    
I'm not questioning that the stiff-legged deadlift is a good exercise. I'm just wondering why the single leg deadlift is mostly performed with stiff legs. –  zero-divisor Apr 25 '13 at 20:38
show 1 more comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.