First and foremost look at a strength program that has a focus on the lower body. A programs like Starting Strength is good as they cover the basic mechanics of the Squat, Deadlift, and Clean all movements that will provide excellent foundation for building a strong leap.
However, it is the last exercise - the Clean - that you will want to focus on the most. A properly executed Clean requires the lifter to provide enough power through the legs to give a heavily laden barbell enough momentum to carry it to chest high to catch.
Keep in mind that, while a strong vertical leap requires significant drive from the quads, a horizontal leap requires significant glute engagement. So additional glute training to may be helpful to provide the frward thrust you need.
With regards to safety, unless you have pre-existing conditions, it is unlikely that you will hurt yourself. The human knee is quite strong and resilient when properly trained. Alongside you strength training, practise your long jump, starting with a short distance, learning how to land safely and cushion the blow. When you land, try to land with a bend in the knees to allow the muscles and ligaments of the ankle, knee, and hip to take the weight, rather than the bones themselves.