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Cardio burns more calories during the exercise, but weight-lifting builds more muscle which in turn raises your RMR (Resting Metabolic Rate). I have a little over an hour to workout each day during lunch. Should I spend my time lifting, running, or a mixture of both? (if I should be doing a mixture, what should that mixture look like? e.g.(10-20% cardio))

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Honestly, if you work out 1 hour every day, you don't have to care about RMR to burn calories, you'll be burning more than enough while exercising :-) –  Ivo Flipse Jun 14 '11 at 16:53
    
Its all in how you eat. Cardio burns more calories but if you eat more calories than your body needs you get fat. Your diet is most important. –  user5471 Mar 21 '13 at 14:15
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4 Answers

Lifting everyday wouldn't give your body enough time to rest so you'll have time for some cardio no matter what.

My previous trainers have all recommended lifting for 30 minutes three or four days a week and cardio the rest of the time. I've had pretty good results following that.

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Well yeah, I only workout 5 days a week. I don't workout on weekends. I also alternate muscle groups so I have plenty of time to recover (back and biceps one day, chest and tri's the next, etc). –  balentaw Jun 14 '11 at 16:54
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Strength training and cardio provide a potent mixture to burn fat. The problem with strength training alone is that it burns fewer calories than you would during cardio. For example, an hour of intense strength training will burn between 270 calories and 450 calories while you exercise (depending on how heavy the weight is). Running at 6 mph for an hour will burn closer to 1000 calories (depending on how heavy you are). The other difference is that as your body builds more muscle, you are burning more calories all the time.

If you do a strength training program like Rippetoe's Starting Strength or Medhi's StrongLifts 5x5 you are working out 3 days per week. Each workout is up to an hour long depending on how much rest you need between sets. You will lose fat, but maybe not as quickly as if you incorporate cardio. NOTE: you do get a cardio workout lifting weights.

In my situation:

I started the StrongLifts 5x5 program 6 weeks ago and worked up from just the bar to the following weights:

  • Squat: 130lb (every session)
  • Bench: 85lb (A session only)
  • Barbell Rows: 105lb (A session only)
  • Overhead Press: 85lb (B session only)
  • Deadlift: 175lb (B session only)

Each session you go up by 5lb (except deadlift where you increase by 10lb). I will say that it is quite challenging. Just from doing the weight training, I have to eat more just to get through the next session. In the mean time my neck, arms, chest, hips and thighs are getting bigger while my gut is getting smaller and the scale stays the same (+/- 5lb).

I do top off the weight lifting with 20 minutes of cardio. I'm currently running 1 minute intervals on the treadmill. The combination puts me at 90 minutes each time I'm at the gym. I'm maintaining weight, but losing my gut which is what I really want anyway. I've found that my cardio work is much easier due to the lifting I've done.

In your situation:

I would recommend doing strength training Mon, Wed, Fri. In your off days (Tue, Thur) do cardio for 20 minutes of work and 5 minutes of cooldown. Start with a light jog/run interval of 1 minute each. If you have 2mph difference between the two intervals you'll be able to recover for the next run interval. Increase by 0.1 mph each time you do you cardio until you just can't get any faster. This limit should be more of how your legs are trying to keep up than your heart/lungs trying to keep up.

Your initial workouts will be light enough that you won't have any problems. When the weights get tougher (probably around week 6 if you are like me), you might have to back off on the cardio. Your gut will continue to get smaller as you get stronger.

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"The problem with strength training alone is that it burns fewer calories than you would during cardio." -- Sure. But your diet matters a lot more than +/- 1 hour of cardio, that's just a large candy bar. –  eevar Jun 14 '11 at 18:45
    
True. The question was in terms of the exercise the OP would need. If you do weight training you will need to eat more than if you only do cardio. Eating the right things is more important than just eating more. –  Berin Loritsch Jun 14 '11 at 19:19
    
Eevar, if you are eating candy bars you aren't trying to lose weight. While your point is taken, the calories could be better spent. Berin is correct though. To add to this conversation, The more muscle you have the more fat you burn at rest and during exercise. His routine would be one that I would recommend for one of my patients asking the same question. –  Grohlier Dec 8 '12 at 3:26
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Strength training burns more calories per minute of activity than cardio, it's scientifically proven. It's true, you shouldn't be strength training every day of the week because your muscles are worked so hard they need to rest and repair. But you also shouldn't be doing intense cardio every day. A combination of both is ideal, but if for whatever reason you couldn't do both, you should weight lift because it's more effective at burning calories, while also keeping your muscles. If you just did cardio, a third of the weight you lost would be muscle mass, your body would weigh less, but look worse.

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That's a misleading answer. You burn way more calories in 1 hour of cardio than in 1 hour of weight training. The reason is that in weight training you spend most of that hour actually not spending calories at all (resting between sets, holding each rep, etc). The "scientifically proven" fact is actually the opposite of what you wrote -- see my answer. –  HerrKaputt Dec 7 '12 at 17:10
    
Chris you would rather edit your answer with some supporting links. But make sure that the links are from good sources. –  Freakyuser Mar 21 '13 at 16:15
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Cardio is much more important than weights for losing weight.

Source: this paper by the American College of Sports Medicine. If you don't want to read it, you can read this post I wrote at a fitness forum a while ago.

In summary: while you can raise your RMR by building muscle, it is an extremely slow process when compared to the speed at which you lose weight through cardio. They found that weight-lifting is a minor factor in weight loss; the determinant factors are proper nutrition, cardio exercise, with some influence from typical health considerations (proper sleep, mental health, etc).

So for your case, if your goal is to lose weight, spend the whole time on cardio.

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Feel free to summarize or quote parts of the post or the study. It would be nice to have that information here for reference and help prevent link rot. –  Matt Chan Dec 7 '12 at 17:33
    
@Matt: thanks for the tip, I added some info, and will add more later. Would it be "proper" to copy-paste posts such as the one I linked to Stack Exchange's Fitness board? If yes, should I do it as a community wiki? –  HerrKaputt Dec 7 '12 at 18:02
    
Copy-pasting is perfectly okay, just either quote it or summarize and feel free to use the link as a resource. If it is your own content, I'm not as concerned about it but for other sources do give proper credit. –  Matt Chan Dec 8 '12 at 14:01
    
The link to the post on a fitness forum is now dead. It would be better to copy the contents here so it is still available –  briddums Aug 12 '13 at 20:02
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