Take the 2-minute tour ×
Physical Fitness Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for physical fitness professionals, athletes, trainers, and those providing health-related needs. It's 100% free, no registration required.

I live in a hot and humid climate (Tel Aviv), and usually I run at night. But some days I have plans in the evening, and my only chance to get a run in is by starting at around six, six-thirty (which in summer is about an hour before sunset).

How bad is this, in terms of exposure to the sun? I don't normally apply sunscreen for such runs. By the time I finish (about an hour) the sun is almost setting (or has set).

A final detail: let's say I do this about once a month - run at six in the evening, without applying sunscreen. Is that below the threshold that I should be concerned about?

share|improve this question
    
So what is it exactly you're worried about? Sun burns or heat stroke? Because you could catch those even without running –  Ivo Flipse Jun 23 '12 at 10:42
1  
Neither. My concern is with the gradual development of skin cancer. –  Eyal Jun 23 '12 at 20:59
    
I feel like my question is being misunderstood. Although exhaustion and hydration are valid concerns (and maybe it's for the best that they're being addressed in the answers to this question), personally and immediately - I do just fine in these afternoon runs. What concerns me is the gradual, undetectable, harmful effects of running in the last hour before sunset if I do so without sunscreen. –  Eyal Jun 29 '12 at 5:01
4  
The problem is that sunscreen and skin cancer risk factors have no relation to exercise and are therefore off-topic. So the answers will have to focus on the performance aspect or we have to close the question as being off-topic –  Ivo Flipse Jun 29 '12 at 8:05
1  
I agree with @IvoFlipse, your most recent edit changes the question to something outside the scope of this site. If you're looking for medical advice on sun exposure and cancer risk, you need to consult with a doctor or dermatologist. –  Moses Jul 3 '12 at 17:10

2 Answers 2

Short answer: you should not be too worried about the sun in the later afternoon.

Long answer: there are several risk factors to consider when running in the heat, and if you properly stick to them you will remain healthy and minimize the potential health risks of sun exposure.

Carcinogenic exposure

Scientifically speaking there is no consensus regarding which component(s) of sunlight (UVA/UVB/UVC) are carcinogenic. Since UVA/UVB/UVC proportions can change drastically based on the time of day, that means we really have no way of knowing what time of day presents the highest risk to our body as far as skin damage and cancer are concerned. Because of this, you should not consider UV exposure when deciding what time to run.

That being said, whatever time you do choose to run you should make sure to take adequate precautions by applying sun screen before leaving. If the sun is out--even if it isn't very hot--you are at risk and need to use sun screen.

Heat stroke

To avoid heat stroke you want to stay properly hydrated. That means drinking water before, during, and after your exercise. Listen to your body and drink as needed. If you are doing a prolonged exercise, consider bringing a sports drink like Gatorade to help replenish the salts and minerals that your body is craving.

Some additional pointers to avoid heat stroke are:

  • Run in shade
  • Wear light clothing
  • Splash water on your face
  • Don't over-exert yourself

Exhaustion

If you are accustomed to running in fair conditions and you transition suddenly to hot weather exercise, you will notice that it is much harder to keep up with your previous pace. Running in hot weather takes more effort from your body and as a result you cannot expect to perform at your peak the way you would in fairer conditions. Keep the heat in mind when doing exercise and make sure not to exhaust yourself.

Summary

Taking all of this into account, you can see that there is nothing intrinsically dangerous about running in the heat... so long as you take the proper precautions. Therefore, whether you choose to do morning, afternoon, or evening runs, as long as you plan accordingly you will do fine.

share|improve this answer
    
the part of your answer that addresses my concerns is the part about carcinogenic exposure, since what I want to know is whether I can run without applying sunscreen. I cross-posted in the Great Outdoors and got a contradictory answer; if the 5:1 ratio described there is true, it would seem reasonable to be able to run for an hour without sunscreen. –  Eyal Jul 3 '12 at 13:34
    
@Eyal I use something like this when I run in the early/late afternoon. I am located in Phoenix and it hits 105+ at that time, full sun. The hat coupled with a long sleeved runners shirt with UVA/UVB protection soaked in water has worked for me. –  Aaron McIver Jul 9 '12 at 19:01

I'd rather do this as a comment on Moses' answer, but I don't have the necessary SE seniority to do so.

While there may not be consensus on what components of UV radiation are carcinogenic, it would be far more useful to present all the opinions so you can better draw your own conclusions. I myself am unaware of dissenting opinions to the following; UVA is carcinogenic, UVB is associated with Vitamin D development and Vitamin D is believed by some to be anti-carcinogenic. Others of course believe this to be hogwash, but since those people are either militant skeptics or associated with the pharmaceutical industry (there's not patent money in selling Vitamin D, and it's freely available to anyone who gets sunlight) their their claims I would think are worth less than those suggesting Vitamin D is very beneficial. Also, it's turned out that people working indoors but near windows have higher skin cancer rates than those who are outdoors all the time, apparently because glass blocks UVB but not UVA.

Some European regulatory body (I don't live in Europe so I'm not familiar with the organisations t here) has approved sun screen that only blocks UVA and lets UVB through on those grounds. So absent some very convincing information otherwise, I would lean towards believing that UVA is responsible for skin cancer and UVB helps protect against it (and other types of cancer). I have no idea about different types of UV exposure according to time of day, but I would go for some of that European UVA blocking sun screen if I were regularly exposed to a lot of sun.

Hydration is also contested, and some argue that overhydration is just as bad as dehydration (it is, either hypernatremia or hyponatremia is bad for you). Waterlogged by Timothy Noakes (published by Human Kinetics) goes into this issue, and if you're planning on drinking a lot even if you're not thirsty, you should probably look into what the consequences of doing so would be. I would personally not go any further than keeping water with me to drink only when I'm thirsty. Your call of course based on which researchers you believe more.

share|improve this answer

protected by Community Apr 25 '13 at 2:51

Thank you for your interest in this question. Because it has attracted low-quality answers, posting an answer now requires 10 reputation on this site.

Would you like to answer one of these unanswered questions instead?

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.