How to safely and effectively build muscle, whether for looks or for strength. Also, how muscles work physiologically.

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Effect of smoking cigarettes on performance at the gym

What, biologically, is different on a day you smoke cigarettes and then hit the gym?
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3answers
108 views

Food diet off balance

Every day i ride 20km to work with my bike. Then when my work is done i do those 20km again. I'm doing martial arts 2 times a week and try to get 4 power workouts a week to gain some muscle. I do ...
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4answers
161 views

How to strengthen calf muscles?

I run regularly for about 6 KM. I have completed multiple 10 K runs. I am targeting a half marathon this September. But when I run distances like 10 K + i get pain in my left calf muscle. I believe I ...
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5answers
169 views

How to keep my leg muscle from increasing in volume while still exercising?

First, some words on my fitness history: I was quite a scrawny kid growing up but in high school I joined the high school's Cross-Country team and started running regularly for part of the year. I ...
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Depleting Muscle Glycogen and Fat Burning

Suppose I do the following exercise: As many body weight squats as possible in 1 minute without stopping with a 10 second rest. Repeat 15 times. Would this deplete the muscle glycogen in my legs? ...
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2answers
156 views

Periodicity of Muscle Mass

Once someone reaches a certain muscle state, if they undergo muscular atrophy and lose it, is it easier to get back to it than if they had never reached it. Is this a biological effect and if so is ...
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1answer
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When a muscle can flex so tight it's painful, is anything wrong?

As I train various muscle groups, I've noticed that I cannot flex a few of them the way I would biceps or quads. The flex becomes painfully tight verging on a muscle cramp before I finish the range of ...
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2answers
270 views

What is the minimum amount of time someone might need for muscles to recover?

I know there have been answers to this question, but I'm looking for something specific. The workout has just been completed. Now, what is the minimum amount of time required for the muscle group ...
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2answers
114 views

How to reduce muscle mass in lower body?

In my childhood I was very active and running was my favorite sport. Unfortunately, the size of my thighs, hamstrings, and calves, are disproportionately large, and they have been this way for several ...
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107 views

I am on the Atkins diet and weightlifting everyday, what is this doing to my body?

I am a novice. I eat 1/4 cup of raw oats in the morning and two portions of meat later on in the day, and tons of low-carb & low-calorie vegetables. I work out everyday, and I'm following Mark ...
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2answers
79 views

Do I lose muscle or fat when on a diet and not exercising much?

I am a thin guy (5'6-3/4" - 138 pounds), somewhere between ectomorth and mesomorph (more towards mesomorth I would think) who eats very little. I have been going to the gym to lift weights twice a ...
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55 views

Will the usage of Exo-Skeleton Gear actually weaken the human body over time?

By using Exo-Skeleton suits, are the users not undermining the whole process of exposing ones body to forces that will ensure muscle growth?
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How can I ensure I am working the muscles in each leg equally?

I have a problem with my knee where it hurts a lot when my leg takes weight (for example, I can do one-legged squats with one leg but not with the other because my knee hurts too much). This knee ...
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1answer
85 views

Best way to start excercising after taking a break

If i just started to work out after a 4-5 week break would it be best to start slowly or just pick up my old pace? The 'sport' im referring to is fitness. Im currently debating with myself whether or ...
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1answer
60 views

I keep pulling/getting pain in the same muscle even when I don't exercise it

I pulled a muscle directly under my shoulder blade (dorsal muscles?) a couple of months ago while carrying something heavy - not as I picked it up but as I was walking with it, I felt the muscle "go". ...
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5answers
208 views

Plank Progressions

So, I have been doing workout routine for a while now. IDK exactly how effective it is, but it certainly seems effective for me and I like it because each exercise is something I can scale up(by ...
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2answers
78 views

How can I lose muscle mass in my quads and ham strings (thighs?)

I would really appreciate the help on how to lose muscle mass in the thigh area? Ever since I recovered from weight loss (40kg back up to 46kg, age 20, female, 1.66m), I started taking lysine and ...
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1answer
104 views

Locking of the jaw during workout related stress

The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is involved in energy expenditure as it drives the body to respond to stress. So when one is lifting weight or doing a pullup or pushup and is about to finish the ...
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1answer
2k views

How is muscle repair affected by a caloric deficit?

Background Weightlifting creates micro-tears in the muscle. Protein and other nutrients repair the tears so the muscle grows back stronger and larger. Question How is muscle repair affected by a ...
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1answer
151 views

Never skip leg day?

Currently I am gaining strength (and muscle) with a 3-way split. Back- biceps Chest - triceps Legs - Shoulder This however is my concern, I am getting married in 6 months and bought a suit which ...
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231 views

Muscles shake irregularly during workout?

I've been working out for a while now and I realized that my muscles shake whenever I lift weight. It doesn't seem like it's because of the weight. I could halve the weight on a bench press bar and ...
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2answers
85 views

How much beer can i drink? [closed]

I love beer but I want to get muscles too. Is it ok if I drink 2 x 0.33 L cans per day? Beer has 5% alc.
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3answers
179 views

How long does it take for muscles to recover?

I lift weights to get stronger and to look better, I wonder how long does it take for muscle to recover after workout. I do typical workout routine for every muscle group, I work out every muscle ...
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3answers
81 views

Is controlled release of muscle contraction more beneficial than free release?

I used to think that best way to train a muscle is to do reps very slowly, but from the ACSM's manual I learned that it is a myth. Now that made me wonder about controlled release of muscle ...
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1answer
90 views

Why do my muscles ache the day after I lift ? How come not asap after my workout or during?

They say muscles ache after a workout because the workout causes wear and tear of the muscles. Why doesn't the pain start asap ?
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2answers
283 views

How is energy derived from muscle, fat and glucose at different intensities?

I have learned that during aerobic exercising the body converts different sources of energy: glucose, fat and muscle. However, different ratios are used in different situations. So what are the ...
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157 views

Does stretching muscles help build / tone them?

Does stretching muscles (both right after a workout but also very much throughout the day afterwards, when you still often feel they could do with a good stretch), actually play a role in helping to ...
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452 views

Which muscles would I need to train for ambulance work?

TL;DR Version: Which muscle groups would I use when lifting an object from the floor with a straight back holding an object at chest height for an extended period of time whilst climbing stairs ...
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5answers
6k views

How does alcohol really affect gains?

I have been training with a personal trainer now for about a year; we work four days a week (Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday) and do bodybuilding splits. So, we do dynamic lower core, heavy ...
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2answers
112 views

Training the twitch fibre muscles for faster punching and kicking

I am after some exercises which work the fast twitch fibre muscles, both isometric and weight training wise. Could you guys please suggest some? I also wanted to know, when I curl a dumbell I pull it ...
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6answers
359 views

For the same number of repetitions, does it build more muscle to do fewer sets?

Suppose I want to do 50 pushups. I could do: 10 sets of 5 5 sets of 10 2 sets of 25 1 set of 50 Each option is more difficult than the last. But is it more beneficial? Is it "more pain, more ...
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4answers
163 views

Which muscle training is most effective to burn fat on an untrained person?

I need to reduce my body fat back to healthy levels. The general condition is not nice either (overweight, not well trained...), but I am focussing on the body fat. I noticed that just doing some ...
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9answers
54k views

Ensuring the body burns fat instead of muscle?

When exercising, our bodies take energy from our blood sugar, then uses glycogen as a source for energy, and finally burns fat or muscle when the glycogen is used up. A nutritionist told me that ...
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8k views

I am skinny, would joining a gym make me skinnier?

I am 17 and I am skinny according to BMI. I am thinking to join a gym to gain muscle and strength. Some people contradict me saying that I will get even more skinner if I do so. Should I join gym?
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75 views

Why do good lifts feel effortless? [on hold]

I am curious what explains the difference between perceived effort and absolute effort for different types of movements. For example pull-ups and burpees always feel hard, while a 1RM snatch sometimes ...
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4answers
17k views

Is it better to use whey protein pre or post workout?

I am a 17 year old athlete, and am trying to build muscle effectively. I workout maybe 3-4 times a week for an hour with a combination of running, pushups, crunches, lifting and chin ups in varying ...
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30 views

Training program to make the left part of the body stronger for the right-handed tennis player

I want to improve my current training program in improving the left-hand side of my body. I currently assist only by the right hand but going to practice more with left-hand and then probably later ...
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1answer
55 views

building Muscle with Body Weight training [duplicate]

I am trying to build muscle, but don't have access (or time to go to) to a gym. I don't want to neglect anything here, but legs obviously aren't AS important to me as Abdominals / Upperbody. I'm ...
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2answers
3k views

Should I exercise when my muscles are aching?

I exercised for the first time in a long time yesterday. This is what I did: 500 jumping jacks at moderate pace 100 jumping jacks at fast pace 10 min of running in place at moderate pace 100 ...
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1answer
85 views

How does muscle confusion work?

I just found out about P90x and it seems they use the muscle confusion theory. But how does it work neurologically and as far as creating muscle mass is concerned? What would a typical routine be? ...
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69 views

Toning jiggly loose muscle

My question is two part: I have very muscular thighs and legs coming from years of swimming and running since I was a tiny boy. The thing is both my thighs and legs are pretty jiggly when I don't ...
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What effect does restricted oxygen in cardio have on muscle damage & repair?

As we all know, cardio and strength training have completely different effects on your muscles, and your body's response to them. Strength training trains the body to make those big anaerobic muscle ...
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5answers
409 views

Good workout regimen for building muscle and losing fat?

So I am looking to start working out regularly, and I need some recommendations on exercises to do/weight lifting techniques. I am 17 and consider myself athletic. I play lacrosse, soccer, and ...
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11 views

Program or Application that allows a user to view the physiology of stretched muscles

I apologize if this is offtopic or not straightforward enough as it is my first question on stackexchange. I was wondering if there existed a program/application/website/media that allows for one to ...
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4answers
1k views

Muscle imbalances related to indoor rock climbing/bouldering and ways to fix them

Ive read that most climbers have a lot of muscle imbalances, including some that affect proper posture. Is that true? What muscles are imbalanced? How do those imbalances affect posture? How to fix ...
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50 views

Is stretching more difficult once the muscle mass is bigger?

I was wondering if, assuming one gains lots of muscle while not stretching regularly, the process of stretching is more difficult or at least more painful after. This isn't about the benefits of ...
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1answer
98 views

Gain Mass: High weight and low reps OR low weight and high reps

I want this settled once and for all. Over the past few years, I have heard (and read) almost a perfect 50/50 split on what the best technique is for gaining muscle mass (bulking). Some sources say ...
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2answers
76 views

Allergic to Protein supplements

I'm allergic to Coco (I can't eat chocolate or coffee ) if I take any whey Protein or anything like SSN OR any kinda powdered supplements within 2days my Asthama gets high, I get lots of cough and ...
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Is the muscle pump after exercise due to increased cellular Na (due to reduced ATP availability)?

Cellular hypoxia leads to reduced ATP, resulting in Na/K ATPase down regulation reducing the activity of the Na/K pump. (edit removed the original link since I'm limited to two links in a question ...
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129 views

Can one do pull-ups right after a meal?

I am generally healthy. Just wondering if it is safe to do pull-ups within 10-15 min of having lunch. I am trying to avoid any exercises that might affect digestion. Are pull-ups "safe"? Moreover, I ...