How to safely and effectively build muscle, whether for looks or for strength. Also, how muscles work physiologically.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

4
votes
2answers
426 views

Where does protein come from if muscles are built and repaired at night?

I've been wondering for a while where protein to build muscle comes from? If I consume protein throughout the day and that protein is pretty much digested and processed within an hour or two of ...
4
votes
1answer
98 views

What are the implications of diminishing levels of soreness in Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS)?

A while back, I sent out the following query to a subject matter expert (through a different social media platform), but did not receive a reply. Thought I'd post it here to see if anyone with ...
4
votes
1answer
99 views

How to find what muscle groups to strengthen?

Without a specific sport in mind, are there good general-purpose exercises or movements that can show me what muscle groups or areas need more work? I'm trying to make sure that my overall strength ...
4
votes
1answer
468 views

Building up Lat muscles without Chin ups, rowing or lat pull down

I have recovered from a back strain/injury. It was a pinched nerve. As part of my exercises I need to build my back muscles. The lateral muscles I am having trouble finding an excersise for. It seems ...
4
votes
2answers
54 views

How to avoid muscle loss when doing prolonged cardio (around 15 days in a row)?

I know this question may seem irrelevant since there are many good answers addressing it, for example this one. However, the questions and answers I found are all about losing muscle while regularly ...
4
votes
4answers
466 views

Burn fat and gain muscles at same time

I am doing weights for a few months now, but I find it hard to gain muscles and burn fat at the same time. It seems like one goes at the expense of the other. I think I have a balanced diet, with more ...
4
votes
1answer
58 views

What muscles are involved in the downward movement of the v-sit?

Can you help me with the muscles involved in the downward movement of the V sit? Downward would be eccentric but what muscles are the primary movers?
4
votes
3answers
289 views

How can I ensure I am working the muscles in each leg equally?

I have a problem with my knee where it hurts a lot when my leg takes weight (for example, I can do one-legged squats with one leg but not with the other because my knee hurts too much). This knee ...
4
votes
2answers
183 views

Periodicity of Muscle Mass

Once someone reaches a certain muscle state, if they undergo muscular atrophy and lose it, is it easier to get back to it than if they had never reached it. Is this a biological effect and if so is ...
4
votes
1answer
155 views

Caloric intake for fatty trying to gain muscle

OK, I'm 6 foot tall and I weigh 215 pounds. Based on my weight when I was younger (I'm in my late thirties), I'd say I'm about 25 to 30 pounds overweight (fat) now. I started lifting about three weeks ...
4
votes
0answers
69 views

Stretching muscles while they are engaged

I've heard a theory that it is better to stretch muscles while they are (lightly?) engaged. The reason was said to be that muscle engagement will cause the muscles themselves, rather than the tendons, ...
4
votes
1answer
118 views

Is stretching more difficult once the muscle mass is bigger?

I was wondering if, assuming one gains lots of muscle while not stretching regularly, the process of stretching is more difficult or at least more painful after. This isn't about the benefits of ...
4
votes
4answers
199 views

Combining different muscle groups

When I started going to gym, it happened that I had chest+shoulders+biceps day, back+triceps day and legs day. But I've heard many times that people tend to do chest+triceps because triceps works ...
3
votes
5answers
2k views

My trainer insists on stretching before any exercise, even warming up. Should I be worried?

He wants to start out by doing rather strenuous, even slightly painful, static stretches, mostly in the legs, followed by 10-20 minutes of cardio and then the rest of the workout is mostly lifting. We ...
3
votes
4answers
3k views

What are good books on muscle building heavily based on science?

Please suggest few books on the topic of muscle building, that are heavily backed by scientific research. I prefer them to be light on concrete training programs, but heavy on facts and research ...
3
votes
3answers
279 views

Lost weight and getting fit - where to go from here?

I've maintained a pretty poor diet for most of my adult life, and as a software developer, I've spent most of my time behind a desk with very little exercise. Since New Year 2011 I've lost nearly 2st ...
3
votes
3answers
587 views

Does stretching muscles help build / tone them?

Does stretching muscles (both right after a workout but also very much throughout the day afterwards, when you still often feel they could do with a good stretch), actually play a role in helping to ...
3
votes
1answer
340 views

Beginner in physical fitness, need tips and advices

I am 18 years old, 174 cm tall, 60 kg weight male. I am very skinny, and haven't trained for ages. Last few years I've been living very unhealthy way of life - spending way too much time in front of ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

What type of physique is possible without use of steroids?

Let me begin by saying I'm completely against steroids, as everybody should be. I don't plan to get into fitness model shape, as I know it often involves extremely strict diets and starvation prior ...
3
votes
3answers
82k views

What can cause severe muscle fatigue and even pain at wake-up? [closed]

When I wake-up (i.e. hear the alarm clock and open my eyes) I experience severe muscle fatigue, that I am hardly able to force myself to move my arms and legs to get-up. I feel like my muscles were ...
3
votes
2answers
7k views

What are superficial muscles?

Articles like the wikipedia entry for the Forearm distinguish between superficial, intermediate, and deep muscles. What is the difference between these muscle levels? What are some readily ...
3
votes
2answers
164 views

What is wrong with a beginner following the Rock workout schedule?

So I am about 5 months into training and I am struggling to come up with a suitable routine. My gym buddy suggested me to do what rock does, which is simply-put, one muscle group a day, 2 day rest, ...
3
votes
2answers
146 views

Should I perform exercises in full range of motion if my goal is to build muscle

I'm quite experienced in fitness and bodybuilding by that I mean I have been lifting weights for about 5 years, I'm not professional nor fitness "guru" or expert in anyway but I'm still always asking ...
3
votes
2answers
243 views

Taking body muscle to next level

I started lifting around November 2014. I was 84Kgs and I had 30% body fat with waist line of 37 inches. I have reduced my weight to 74Kgs, body fat to 20.2% and waist to 32.6 inches. I can see ...
3
votes
1answer
820 views

Don't feel muscle soreness until after a day [duplicate]

so, I only get this with my legs (meaning my quads and hamstrings and inner thighs) and my glutes...so here is my squat routine: 120kg - 2 sets of 6 repetitions followed by 1 set of 4 (it is really ...
3
votes
2answers
176 views

Exercise advice for newbie

I'm a 22 year old male currently employed as a Program Developer(sedentary work).I weigh 110Kg's and am 186cm's high. I started working out about last week. I normally do 30mins of cardio on bicycle ...
3
votes
2answers
425 views

I am on the Atkins diet and weightlifting everyday, what is this doing to my body?

I am a novice. I eat 1/4 cup of raw oats in the morning and two portions of meat later on in the day, and tons of low-carb & low-calorie vegetables. I work out everyday, and I'm following Mark ...
3
votes
1answer
695 views

How does wiggling your fingers activate your fast twitch muscle fibers?

You may remember hurdler Michelle Jenneke's famous dance where she wiggles her fingers to warm up before the race. In this interview (at 01:11), she reveals that wiggling her fingers activates her ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Legs sore 1st day of rest after workout, even more sore the second day

I did a pretty intensive leg workout and decided to take the next day off for rest. I definitely had some lactic build-up the next day and my legs were slightly sore. However, when I woke up on the ...
3
votes
2answers
205 views

Use lighter or heavier weight in higher or lower reps for building muscle size?

When training to build up muscle size, should I use lighter weight in higher reps and sets or use heavier weight in lower reps and sets?
3
votes
2answers
334 views

What other changes should I make to my weightraining plan and diet to continue losing belly fat?

I was once over 181 pounds and for my body type I was tipping on the scale of very fat to obese. I started to do lots of cardo and watched what I ate(but never dieted as I knew if I diet I won't be ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

How do I build my obliques?

I've tried for a couple of months now and I just can't seem to build on my obliques.. I have minimal trouble getting and keeping my 6 pack, but I just can't get those darn obliques. It looks really ...
3
votes
1answer
332 views

Weights + Conditioning circuit + Mixed martial arts

I'm thinking of starting a regime, where I hit my local gym 3 hours a day 6 days a week. I am 5'7" with a moderate build and I weigh 65kg. I'm wanting to build muscle and lose fat. The first 1hr ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

What are the target muscles of kettlebell swings

I have got access to a pair of kettlebells (12 & 16 kg). Can anyone please let me know what are the target muscles while swinging? I hope they workout the gluteus and the hamstring.
3
votes
2answers
805 views

Training the twitch fibre muscles for faster punching and kicking

I am after some exercises which work the fast twitch fibre muscles, both isometric and weight training wise. Could you guys please suggest some? I also wanted to know, when I curl a dumbell I pull it ...
3
votes
2answers
351 views

Is the muscle pump after exercise due to increased cellular Na (due to reduced ATP availability)?

Cellular hypoxia leads to reduced ATP, resulting in Na/K ATPase down regulation reducing the activity of the Na/K pump. (edit removed the original link since I'm limited to two links in a question ...
3
votes
5answers
512 views

Good workout regimen for building muscle and losing fat?

So I am looking to start working out regularly, and I need some recommendations on exercises to do/weight lifting techniques. I am 17 and consider myself athletic. I play lacrosse, soccer, and ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Does boxing interfere with gaining muscle?

I would like to gain muscle, weight and at the same time be flexible, in good condition, and do competitions in near future in boxing. For that, after the recommendations, I bought the proteins and ...
3
votes
3answers
207 views

Why do I get lactic acid build up at lower threshholds on different days?

I'm a climber, so I'm talking specifically about forearms. I train regularly and have been for years, so I'm pretty familiar with how my body responds. As I understand it, the "pumped" sensation in ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Are there any harmful side effects to working out just your arms?

I'm 15 years old and during the summer I've been working out with some dumbbells, and I've only been working out my arms for right now. Lately I have been feeling pain in my lower back and neck (which ...
3
votes
2answers
242 views

Learning form without weights

One thing I like a lot about the Starting Strength program is its focus on squats. Why? Because I could practice and practice them, getting my form right, without weights. Now that I can squat well, ...
3
votes
2answers
345 views

Is supplementation counter productive when your goal is getting a six pack/lean mass?

I try hit the gym about 3-5 times a week (using a 3 day split program), and take something similar to Supplements SA Ganic-F Insane as pre-workout, and I've got protein shake that i use as a snack ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Push Ups vs Machines

Why can't I do push ups (lol) but I can perfectly do 13 kilos 4series 30 reps, in a tricep or bicep workout? Plus it's a compound movement meaning I'm not enfoquing everything on just one muscle? If ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Hip stretches - recover from piriformis syndrome and hard gluteal muscles

Situation Due to a one sided sport I intensely practiced for a good portion of my teenage years(rowing in a team with only one oar per person), I have ever since experienced an awkward tight feeling ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

The importance of fitness and cancer [closed]

I am a thirty year-old living with a brain tumor. I have made it my every effort to keep myself fit. I do this because I understand it to be beneficial for me should I require ongoing surgery in the ...
3
votes
1answer
250 views

Body building and gaining weight

I'm 5'10" tall and weight only 56kg. I'm trying to be massive and doing some workout daily, like push ups for at least 30 minutes, with two breaks. In the last 6 months I gained only 5kg. I'm quite ...
3
votes
1answer
27k views

What's lean muscle mass?

It is said that men usually have more lean than women. I would like to know what does the 'lean muscle mass' mean? is it just the muscle mass? How would you calculate it?
3
votes
2answers
744 views

Basic anatomy for weight lifting and starting strength?

Reading the Starting Strength book, he throws around a lot of anatomical terms. Yet, surprisingly, there's no diagram or chart or glossary explaining what all these are. What's the best way to learn ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Does high intake of protein while in catabolic mode prevent muscle loss?

This might seem like an obvious question, but I'm currently exercising a lot and losing a lot of weight (through diet), and I'm afraid that shedding this much weight that I'm putting myself in a ...
3
votes
4answers
175 views

How much weight lifting will require me to eat protein supplements?

I am 32 years old and weigh 67 kilograms (148 pounds). I recently started going to the gym. I would like to know how much weight lifting I need to do where I will be required to consume protein ...