How to safely and effectively build muscle, whether for looks or for strength. Also, how muscles work physiologically.

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1answer
3k views

What are superficial muscles?

Articles like the wikipedia entry for the Forearm distinguish between superficial, intermediate, and deep muscles. What is the difference between these muscle levels? What are some readily ...
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3answers
234 views

Training on the border of overtraining

Whenever I feel I have overtrain I rest, say for 3-5 days, and when I start training again I regress in perfermonance, and have to start builduing up again. It is as if I have been stuck in the same ...
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2answers
2k views

What's the “optimal” macronutrient split and daily caloric intake to increase lean body weight while reducing fat?

In the past few months, I've managed to trim down to about 11% bodyfat but unfortunately not without sacrificing a several pounds of muscle in the process. I'd like to regain and build beyond that ...
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2answers
134 views

Best way to start excercising after taking a break

If i just started to work out after a 4-5 week break would it be best to start slowly or just pick up my old pace? The 'sport' im referring to is fitness. Im currently debating with myself whether or ...
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4answers
189 views

Which muscle training is most effective to burn fat on an untrained person?

I need to reduce my body fat back to healthy levels. The general condition is not nice either (overweight, not well trained...), but I am focussing on the body fat. I noticed that just doing some ...
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2answers
733 views

I can't get any abdominal activation, how to fix?

Whenever I do exercises like hanging leg raises or cable crunches, or just generally any crunch or ab exercise, I don't really feel like I'm getting any good abdominal/core activation and so after ...
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1answer
145 views

I am 15, what is a recommended non bull-crap workout routine?

I am 15 and I am 6 feet tall, I weigh 'bout 145 pounds (last time I checked), I am currently doing about 35-40 pushups and about 50-60 sit-ups every night. Then, every wednesday I go to Krav Maga, on ...
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1answer
19k views

What's lean muscle mass?

It is said that men usually have more lean than women. I would like to know what does the 'lean muscle mass' mean? is it just the muscle mass? How would you calculate it?
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2answers
1k views

Multiple short workouts vs one long session

I'm a 20-year-old male, and it's been a while since I've done anything physical, so I'm trying to build some muscle. However, I'm a full time student and I work 20 hours a week, which doesn't leave me ...
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1answer
541 views

Severe Muscle cramp during abdomen crunch

I have fat around my Belly, and whenever I try to do Abdomen crunch, I get severe (or massive) muscle cramp in my belly which prevents me from doing anything for next 30 minutes due to intense pain. ...
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1answer
64 views

Is it possible for one of a pair of muscles to feel the burn more than the other muscle in the pair?

The last two times I've done legs curls at the gym my left glute will feel the burn on the third set, but the right glute did not even though I made sure that both legs were putting in the same amount ...
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1answer
157 views

Is It Possible To Gain Mass With Out Increasing The Workout?

For the past couple weeks I've unintentionally kept my workout exactly the same. Same reps, same weight. Not a lack of motivation, it's just when I'm done I can't do any more. But the crazy thing is, ...
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1answer
53 views

What's the scientific name of the “cracking” sounds when someone stretches or gets hard massage on the back muscles?

It is common for people to purposely stretch or twist their own back, so that some muscles/tendons/joints produce somewhat loud sounds similar to "cracking" or "snapping" or "clicking". Similar ...
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2answers
99 views

Do I lose muscle or fat when on a diet and not exercising much?

I am a thin guy (5'6-3/4" - 138 pounds), somewhere between ectomorth and mesomorph (more towards mesomorth I would think) who eats very little. I have been going to the gym to lift weights twice a ...
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2answers
229 views

Is the muscle pump after exercise due to increased cellular Na (due to reduced ATP availability)?

Cellular hypoxia leads to reduced ATP, resulting in Na/K ATPase down regulation reducing the activity of the Na/K pump. (edit removed the original link since I'm limited to two links in a question ...
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1answer
123 views

Grouping and ordering workouts for a 3-day workout week

I've been familiar with targeting a muscle group each day for example, chest for monday, legs for tuesday, and so on. The constraint is: I can only workout 1 hour each day for 3 days a week because ...
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2answers
187 views

Developing a training routine outside the gym

I am a CS student and hence spend long hours sitting on my desk. I am trying to establish a routine targeted towards cardio (since I have had asthma in the past) and building muscle mass(since my ...
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1answer
158 views

Why do I get lactic acid build up at lower threshholds on different days?

I'm a climber, so I'm talking specifically about forearms. I train regularly and have been for years, so I'm pretty familiar with how my body responds. As I understand it, the "pumped" sensation in ...
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1answer
230 views

Does Muscle Fiber type matter?

Christian Thibadeau ( in the book "Black book of training secrets" ) recommends that people who have fast twitch muscle fibers should do more heavier weights with less reps to get the maximum gains. ...
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2answers
6k views

Can I do anything about an uneven six-pack?

I have an uneven six-pack and have been pushing it hard, hoping it will grow evenly. I've been training for 8 months, and there isn't any difference yet. My abs are still uneven. A trainer told me ...
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2answers
150 views

When a muscle can flex so tight it's painful, is anything wrong?

As I train various muscle groups, I've noticed that I cannot flex a few of them the way I would biceps or quads. The flex becomes painfully tight verging on a muscle cramp before I finish the range of ...
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2answers
139 views

Muscle size reduction sans loss

I'm in a rather weird situation here. I've been doing weights for about a year; it's been going well due to a good trainer (my brother), good attitude and suchlike. I've been able to keep going 4 days ...
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2answers
387 views

Why is the weight not dropping off?

I set out to loose 40lbs this year. I cycle approximately 50 miles(10 miles Monday to friday) each week, and have been on a diet of less than 2000(~1700) calories each day for the most part of this ...
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1answer
3k views

Do Lactose Intolerant people still absorb protein from milk?

As a Lactose Intolerant person I almost always get diarrhea when I drink milk. But even if my stomach spits it out the other way, is it atleast able to extract the protein from it to build muscle? ...
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1answer
380 views

Strained my neck and feeling pain

Last week, I was trying to do some exercise lifting weight up. Suddenly I got a strain in my neck. I can move my neck but feel pain when doing so. I didn't do any exercises after that day, and I'm ...
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1answer
9 views

Lat Pulldown vs. Pullups

An old coach of mine told me that pullups are way more effective than using the lat pulldown machine. Is this true and if so why? If not, then why is it not?
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77 views

Effect of smoking cigarettes on performance at the gym [closed]

What, biologically, is different on a day you smoke cigarettes and then hit the gym?
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3answers
814 views

Started weight training, but cannot see progress

I am 23 years old, my height is 5'8" and weight is 56kg. I have been going to the gym for the last two months. my target is to gain muscle and weight. After doing some initial routine (without ...
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2answers
262 views

vascularity in males

I have a question that although I exercise (calesthenics, sometimes weightlifting, running) I can't seem to be attaining any vascularity. I have read on the net about the water intake, genes playing a ...
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3answers
370 views

How often should I work out if I want to build mass?

I find that if I work out frequently my muscles don't get very sore after working out, but if I do slightly more intense workouts less frequently my muscles stay sore for at least two days. With the ...
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1answer
241 views

Beginner in physical fitness, need tips and advices

I am 18 years old, 174 cm tall, 60 kg weight male. I am very skinny, and haven't trained for ages. Last few years I've been living very unhealthy way of life - spending way too much time in front of ...
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2answers
466 views

How can I lose muscle mass in my quads and ham strings (thighs?)

I would really appreciate the help on how to lose muscle mass in the thigh area? Ever since I recovered from weight loss (40kg back up to 46kg, age 20, female, 1.66m), I started taking lysine and ...
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1answer
138 views

Gain Mass: High weight and low reps OR low weight and high reps

I want this settled once and for all. Over the past few years, I have heard (and read) almost a perfect 50/50 split on what the best technique is for gaining muscle mass (bulking). Some sources say ...
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2answers
144 views

How to reduce and make fit buttocks

By sitting on the chair most of the time during work my buttocks are growing bigger. Is there any warm up to reduce this effect?
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4answers
237 views

Weightlifting with only one set of weights

I've been looking to gain muscle/lift a little in order to be less weak. Unfortunately, I only own one pair of 10lb dumbbells which I use for dumbbell pressing. As a weak 6'0(182cm) 132 lb.(60kg) ...
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1answer
1k views

Women's fitness plan for weight (muscle?) gain

I searched on the internet for some women fitness plans for my girlfriend, a but lot of them are to lose weight. But she is slim, and I wanted some training for weight gain, and to strengthen her ...
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1answer
327 views

How to increase muscle mass?

I am 49 year old. I have reduced 6 Kgs and maintaining it for last 2 years nicely. Due to busy shedule I don't get time to exercise regularly. But I walk for half hour daily. My diet includes 0.8 ...
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1answer
165 views

Lose more or gain weight?

I need some advice to choose my next targets. I started a low carbish diet (as in a not so strict low carb diet) last January together with a 20 min work out 3 times a week consisting mostly of ...
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1answer
177 views

Home workouts or gym? Which one is better for adding muscles?

I have a shoulder injury and after healing I'm going to start my workout again. I've been working for some time and I'm not much beginner. Also, I'm on fit, not fat, and I'd like to add weight and ...
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1answer
187 views

Never skip leg day?

Currently I am gaining strength (and muscle) with a 3-way split. Back- biceps Chest - triceps Legs - Shoulder This however is my concern, I am getting married in 6 months and bought a suit which ...
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1answer
129 views

How does muscle confusion work?

I just found out about P90x and it seems they use the muscle confusion theory. But how does it work neurologically and as far as creating muscle mass is concerned? What would a typical routine be? ...
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2answers
955 views

Anything I can do to keep the muscles look tight after finish training?

While I am training my muscles look good, tight and strong but after I finish training it's not the same look. I want to know if there is anything that can help me to keep the same look as I have ...
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1answer
58 views

What are the target muscles of kettlebell swings

I have got access to a pair of kettlebells (12 & 16 kg). Can anyone please let me know what are the target muscles while swinging? I hope they workout the gluteus and the hamstring.
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1answer
58 views

NASA's experiment of those who laid in bed for 70 days. What happened to their muscle mass?

I'd like to point out that the participants in the study had a caloric intake that would maintain their weight. Also, they were not allowed to move one bit from their bed. There was an exercising ...
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1answer
175 views

How important is it to gain weight for weightlifting (build muscles)?

since a year i go to the fitness-center, first once a week, since 4 months i'm trying to strictly go 2 (or 3) times per week. there i train multiple things (biceps, triceps, back, belly, shoulders, ...
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2answers
100 views

Depleting Muscle Glycogen and Fat Burning

Suppose I do the following exercise: As many body weight squats as possible in 1 minute without stopping with a 10 second rest. Repeat 15 times. Would this deplete the muscle glycogen in my legs? ...
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1answer
979 views

What is the difference between rest and sleep? Can inactivity replace sleep?

I've just been reading about the importance of rest days and why sleep is important. According to Lego Stormtroopr, sleep is something you can't work around. I work at a desk in an office all day. ...
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1answer
415 views

What's the deal with 'inner' and 'outer' abdominals?

I have a questions about what abdominal muscles I actually have, and what they do. On one hand, I often hear about the distinction between outer and inner abdominals: The outer abs are mostly worked ...
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1answer
169 views

Using Muscle Milk but worried about its calorie content

I am lactose intolerant. I researched many nutritions shop (in Turkey) and couldn't find lactose-free protein powders except Muscle Milk. I have also tried 1 serving from my friend's Muscle Milk and ...
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1answer
742 views

Do muscles discriminate against the type of micro-tear?

Weightlifting creates micro-tears in the muscles. When these micro-tears repair, the muscle grows back bigger. Does this same principle apply to tears caused by other means? For example, if you create ...