How to safely and effectively build muscle, whether for looks or for strength. Also, how muscles work physiologically.

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1answer
126 views

How does muscle confusion work?

I just found out about P90x and it seems they use the muscle confusion theory. But how does it work neurologically and as far as creating muscle mass is concerned? What would a typical routine be? ...
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1answer
89 views

Is stretching more difficult once the muscle mass is bigger?

I was wondering if, assuming one gains lots of muscle while not stretching regularly, the process of stretching is more difficult or at least more painful after. This isn't about the benefits of ...
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1answer
91 views

Average Muscle breakdown by percentage (by weight) of the total

One often hears lower body accounts for 40% of total muscles mass. Going a step further, would it be possible to estimate for an average body, a given muscle group percentage of the total? Is there ...
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3answers
549 views

Theory to burn Calories with muscle

Once I had a physical education teacher at the University tell me that he is experimenting with a theory. The theory is that muscle burns calories and that as muscle mass increases, the amount of ...
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2answers
81 views

Depleting Muscle Glycogen and Fat Burning

Suppose I do the following exercise: As many body weight squats as possible in 1 minute without stopping with a 10 second rest. Repeat 15 times. Would this deplete the muscle glycogen in my legs? ...
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1answer
55 views

What is the impact of mycoprotein on muscle development?

Vegetarian swimmers in Egypt are routinely given mycoprotein as a way of building muscle and as a substitute for animal protein. Is mycoprotein known to improve swimming performance and muscle ...
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2answers
127 views

When a muscle can flex so tight it's painful, is anything wrong?

As I train various muscle groups, I've noticed that I cannot flex a few of them the way I would biceps or quads. The flex becomes painfully tight verging on a muscle cramp before I finish the range of ...
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3answers
130 views

How can I ensure I am working the muscles in each leg equally?

I have a problem with my knee where it hurts a lot when my leg takes weight (for example, I can do one-legged squats with one leg but not with the other because my knee hurts too much). This knee ...
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1answer
71 views

Fatigued triceps in freestyle swimming

I used to swim a long time ago and after a break of several years, I took it up again about 6 months ago. However, my triceps (i.e the lateral part of the back of my upper arms) still get fatigued ...
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1answer
255 views

Don't feel muscle soreness until after a day [duplicate]

so, I only get this with my legs (meaning my quads and hamstrings and inner thighs) and my glutes...so here is my squat routine: 120kg - 2 sets of 6 repetitions followed by 1 set of 4 (it is really ...
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3answers
175 views

How many times a week should I deadlift and squat as a beginner?

I am a 32 year old guy. I haven't done deadlifts or squats before, but occasionally did workouts on individual muscle groups, and running. I am looking forward to building strength, gaining muscle ...
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1answer
49 views

What muscles are used to create and oppose posterior pelvic tilt when the upper body is leaning forward?

I have no difficulty tilting my pelvis in a seated or standing position, or in a quarter squat when my body is upright. When my upper body is tilted forward 30 degrees, however, curling my tailbone ...
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8answers
3k views

Does lifting more than 5lbs really cause females to bulk?

I recently read an article about a guy who trains many models and actresses and he states that women shouldn't be lifting weights above 5 pounds, and not doing cardio such as spinning, because doing ...
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3answers
198 views

How does strength training affect one's health and life expectancy in the long run?

I understand that aerobic exercise are very beneficial for one's health, but I always have doubts about muscle training. I know that bodybuilding makes you heavier, stronger and more attractive, but ...
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1answer
38 views

Cell Death and muscle synthesis

just a question out of curiosity! I went to a Science Live event last week, and one of the things they talked about was how cell death is essential for growth and replacement of cells. Does this ...
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3answers
90 views

Should i do weight lifting for building muscles? I am already doing kickboxing on weekdays

On weekdays i am doing Kickboxing for an hour under the guidance of a recognized trainer in our area. Kickboxing is helping me a lot to tone the body and specially in weight loss. My height is 5'10 ...
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3answers
142 views

Gaining muscle after significant weight loss [slightly specific situation]

I'm male, 5'11, age 29. In 2008 I went from 260lbs to about 160lbs with very little exercise, and have hovered around that weight since then. My weight will fluctuate, with a high of around 175lbs. ...
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0answers
38 views

Stretching muscles while they are engaged

I've heard a theory that it is better to stretch muscles while they are (lightly?) engaged. The reason was said to be that muscle engagement will cause the muscles themselves, rather than the tendons, ...
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2answers
107 views

Exercise advice for newbie

I'm a 22 year old male currently employed as a Program Developer(sedentary work).I weigh 110Kg's and am 186cm's high. I started working out about last week. I normally do 30mins of cardio on bicycle ...
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1answer
32 views

Is my meal & workout plan suitable for losing fat and gaining muscles? [duplicate]

The below list is not exactly how I usually eat but approximately correct. Furthermore, I've used calories calculator to check their calories just to help you give me better recommendation. In ...
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1answer
218 views

What happens to your muscles when you stop working out for several years?

I go through spurts of working out. I'll decide to get a gym membership, achieve decent results over six months, and then, for whatever reason at the time, I'll stop and won't exercise at all for ...
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5answers
6k views

Are dumbbells alone enough to build strength?

If I do exercises with dumbbells each day, will that be sufficient to build strength and tone muscle? I don't care to large biceps, I am just after some strength and definition. While doing other ...
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0answers
38 views

Extended chest pump - 1 and a half days

After a 6 month break after finishing a 10 week (5 day/week) fitness program, I restarted it last week. Last week I only went to gym 2 days out of five (Monday & Friday) and this week all the way ...
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0answers
39 views

Muscle spasm/contraction

Recently I have started a program to strengthen(and learning to activate) specific muscles relating to overpronation(abductor hallucis, flexor digitorum brevis etc.). After a few weeks I'm now able ...
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2answers
131 views

Best way to start excercising after taking a break

If i just started to work out after a 4-5 week break would it be best to start slowly or just pick up my old pace? The 'sport' im referring to is fitness. Im currently debating with myself whether or ...
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3answers
256 views

What are the most effective ab exercises in terms of muscle activation?

Aside from the fact that abs are made in the kitchen, there must be differences among different types of ab exercises. Which are the most effective per unit of time in terms of muscle activation? Tim ...
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0answers
58 views

Effect of smoking cigarettes on performance at the gym [closed]

What, biologically, is different on a day you smoke cigarettes and then hit the gym?
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3answers
113 views

Food diet off balance

Every day i ride 20km to work with my bike. Then when my work is done i do those 20km again. I'm doing martial arts 2 times a week and try to get 4 power workouts a week to gain some muscle. I do ...
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4answers
189 views

How to strengthen calf muscles?

I run regularly for about 6 KM. I have completed multiple 10 K runs. I am targeting a half marathon this September. But when I run distances like 10 K + i get pain in my left calf muscle. I believe I ...
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5answers
343 views

How to keep my leg muscle from increasing in volume while still exercising?

First, some words on my fitness history: I was quite a scrawny kid growing up but in high school I joined the high school's Cross-Country team and started running regularly for part of the year. I ...
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2answers
164 views

Periodicity of Muscle Mass

Once someone reaches a certain muscle state, if they undergo muscular atrophy and lose it, is it easier to get back to it than if they had never reached it. Is this a biological effect and if so is ...
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2answers
297 views

What is the minimum amount of time someone might need for muscles to recover?

I know there have been answers to this question, but I'm looking for something specific. The workout has just been completed. Now, what is the minimum amount of time required for the muscle group ...
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2answers
134 views

How to reduce muscle mass in lower body?

In my childhood I was very active and running was my favorite sport. Unfortunately, the size of my thighs, hamstrings, and calves, are disproportionately large, and they have been this way for several ...
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2answers
132 views

I am on the Atkins diet and weightlifting everyday, what is this doing to my body?

I am a novice. I eat 1/4 cup of raw oats in the morning and two portions of meat later on in the day, and tons of low-carb & low-calorie vegetables. I work out everyday, and I'm following Mark ...
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2answers
90 views

Do I lose muscle or fat when on a diet and not exercising much?

I am a thin guy (5'6-3/4" - 138 pounds), somewhere between ectomorth and mesomorph (more towards mesomorth I would think) who eats very little. I have been going to the gym to lift weights twice a ...
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1answer
92 views

I keep pulling/getting pain in the same muscle even when I don't exercise it

I pulled a muscle directly under my shoulder blade (dorsal muscles?) a couple of months ago while carrying something heavy - not as I picked it up but as I was walking with it, I felt the muscle "go". ...
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5answers
258 views

Plank Progressions

So, I have been doing workout routine for a while now. IDK exactly how effective it is, but it certainly seems effective for me and I like it because each exercise is something I can scale up(by ...
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2answers
155 views

How can I lose muscle mass in my quads and ham strings (thighs?)

I would really appreciate the help on how to lose muscle mass in the thigh area? Ever since I recovered from weight loss (40kg back up to 46kg, age 20, female, 1.66m), I started taking lysine and ...
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1answer
167 views

Locking of the jaw during workout related stress

The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is involved in energy expenditure as it drives the body to respond to stress. So when one is lifting weight or doing a pullup or pushup and is about to finish the ...
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1answer
2k views

How is muscle repair affected by a caloric deficit?

Background Weightlifting creates micro-tears in the muscle. Protein and other nutrients repair the tears so the muscle grows back stronger and larger. Question How is muscle repair affected by a ...
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1answer
168 views

Never skip leg day?

Currently I am gaining strength (and muscle) with a 3-way split. Back- biceps Chest - triceps Legs - Shoulder This however is my concern, I am getting married in 6 months and bought a suit which ...
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5answers
236 views

Muscles shake irregularly during workout?

I've been working out for a while now and I realized that my muscles shake whenever I lift weight. It doesn't seem like it's because of the weight. I could halve the weight on a bench press bar and ...
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2answers
98 views

How much beer can i drink? [closed]

I love beer but I want to get muscles too. Is it ok if I drink 2 x 0.33 L cans per day? Beer has 5% alc.
5
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3answers
245 views

How long does it take for muscles to recover?

I lift weights to get stronger and to look better, I wonder how long does it take for muscle to recover after workout. I do typical workout routine for every muscle group, I work out every muscle ...
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3answers
87 views

Is controlled release of muscle contraction more beneficial than free release?

I used to think that best way to train a muscle is to do reps very slowly, but from the ACSM's manual I learned that it is a myth. Now that made me wonder about controlled release of muscle ...
3
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1answer
138 views

Why do my muscles ache the day after I lift ? How come not asap after my workout or during?

They say muscles ache after a workout because the workout causes wear and tear of the muscles. Why doesn't the pain start asap ?
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2answers
302 views

How is energy derived from muscle, fat and glucose at different intensities?

I have learned that during aerobic exercising the body converts different sources of energy: glucose, fat and muscle. However, different ratios are used in different situations. So what are the ...
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3answers
183 views

Does stretching muscles help build / tone them?

Does stretching muscles (both right after a workout but also very much throughout the day afterwards, when you still often feel they could do with a good stretch), actually play a role in helping to ...
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5answers
507 views

Which muscles would I need to train for ambulance work?

TL;DR Version: Which muscle groups would I use when lifting an object from the floor with a straight back holding an object at chest height for an extended period of time whilst climbing stairs ...
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5answers
7k views

How does alcohol really affect gains?

I have been training with a personal trainer now for about a year; we work four days a week (Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday) and do bodybuilding splits. So, we do dynamic lower core, heavy ...