Barbell squats are one of the three lifts in powerlifting. Questions are about effective technique, variations, and programs for squatting with or without resistance.

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6
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1answer
367 views

When is isolating certain muscles beneficial?

I have heard that isolation exercises are pointless by some, and that total body workouts are to be abided by. I must digress as, for example, what if supporting muscles are strikingly weak? I have ...
5
votes
6answers
6k views

Can you gain strength in your legs with bodyweight squats only?

A known book about bodyweight training written by a fictitious convict athlete, states that you can gain strength in your legs without using weights at all, by means of exercise variations that will ...
5
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2answers
2k views

Strange mark on shoulders after squatting

I was in the gym yesterday doing a relatively light session which included squatting on the smith machine. It was only about 130kg and I done about 3 sets of 8 reps. I woke up this morning with an ...
5
votes
3answers
5k views

What are some good stretches to help with squatting?

It seems a lot of form problems with the squats are caused by inadequate flexibility - I think mainly in the hamstrings and also the shoulders. What are some good stretches that can be used to ...
5
votes
3answers
137 views

How to safely release the bar in the power rack when doing squats?

I'm using a power rack to squat and press. So far I still haven't missed a rep (I started Stronglifts a few weeks ago), but I'm wondering what exactly would be the safest way to release the bar into ...
5
votes
2answers
226 views

Slight panic when weightlifting?

I'm new - more specifically I'm about three months into starting strength. Tonight for the first time I felt a slight panic on my squat and my deadlift. Nothing too serious - just thoughts that I ...
5
votes
2answers
9k views

How can I increase shoulder flexibiity for squats & snatches?

I have noticed flexbility is a big issue for me in squatting as well as snatching (I cannot snatch at all currently). For example, if I squat with no weight, I cannot complete a squat with my arms ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Stronglift's Squat method bad for knees?

I have been following Stronglifts 5x5 method for a week now. I am way too overweight: Age: 21yrs, Weight: 95kg, Height: 5ft6in. I started most of the exercises with lower weights than recommended by ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Should I squat ass to grass before adding load?

I've been working on squatting recently, after going through a realization that it is really important to get your hips below your knees when you squat I've been trying to attain a full range of ...
5
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2answers
977 views

What can improve external shoulder rotation while squatting?

External shoulder rotation (or lack thereof) is becoming a problem for me as I squat a little heavier. It's preventing me from having a nice low bar and also forcing me to take quite a wide grip. ...
5
votes
1answer
18k views

Excercises to try correct knees pointing inward

Since asking this question quite some time ago I have been on a quest to be able to squat. I quickly managed to solve the ankle issue I was having by stretching daily against objects under my desk at ...
5
votes
1answer
280 views

Normative ratio between squat and lunge?

I squat and deadlift with a barbell regularly. I know how much I can lift with variants of those exercises on a given day. I'd like to use that knowledge to better understand how much I should expect ...
5
votes
1answer
328 views

Rounding of the lower back while doing squats

I've been working with Starting Strength for a while now and although I've been taking lots of notes on form and watching videos wherever I can I can't stop rounding my back. I find that when I'm ...
5
votes
3answers
436 views

Panic when squatting

I do not know if "panic" is the right word: every time I squat, when my stomach get compressed (during the descendent phase), I feel a real uncomfortable feeling. Something like a small panic attack. ...
5
votes
3answers
89 views

Olympic Squat Mobility

How can I achieve a similar flexibilty like this (not talking about the weight, just empty bar for example)? I like his squatting style alot and would like to be able to get into the same bottom ...
4
votes
4answers
702 views

Are squats necessary to reduce body weight?

My partner told me that squats are a basic exercise, that it helps to improve the lungs so you should do squats daily to lift huge weights. Is this true? Are squat exercises helpful to reduce our body ...
4
votes
2answers
759 views

Buying barbell / rack

I want to buy a barbell and a squat rack so I can lift at home but looking around there's so many to choose from its overwhelming. I just need to know: Which brands are trusted and recommended? ...
4
votes
3answers
294 views

Where can I find instructions for doing back squats correctly?

I've looked around but there seems to be a lot of variety out there. Is there a widely accepted "best" set of instructions or video for doing squats correctly?
4
votes
3answers
755 views

Benefits of Squatting from bottom position as rest position

So I was just thinking I got a home gym set up, and I can't really approach the bar under a power-rack as of yet...so I just clean it up over my head. I was interested in doing a back squat. But this ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What are some good 5x5 programs I can follow?

I'm looking to start a 5x5 program because I've heard that there are great benefits for beginners just starting to get into weight lifting. What are some good programs, and how can I pick the one that'...
4
votes
2answers
570 views

What can I do to improve my bench press and squat?

I have been working out for a while, my weight is about 150lbs (68kg) and i am about 5'7 (1.70m). I bench press about 135lbs (61kg) and i can squat 250 (113kg). My question is: what kind of exercises ...
4
votes
3answers
724 views

Form Check on Squats: Elbow Tension

After performing squats I often feel elbow soreness (or perhaps extreme fatigue). I'd like to see if anyone can offer form corrections that might help reduce the strain, or if my form looks OK, then ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

feet position for squat

There is conflicting information available on what your feet position should be for squats. Older sources state that you need to have your feet out at 15 degrees from forward. Newer sources states ...
4
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4answers
208 views

Squatting with dumbbells. Cannot reach parallel. Is it really important?

I'm about to start working out at home. I have 40kg x 2 dumbbells and want to squat with them. Given I keep the dumbbells at my sides, because of the diameter of plates it isn't possible to reach ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Deadlift relatively low compared to squat. Where am I weak?

My squat is currently 235 (see form check video) but my deadlift is suffering badly. Before I went on a 2 week vacation at work (where my gym is) I was pulling 225 with pretty good form but now I'm ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Why is it so important to squat to parallel?

According to my understanding, which is based on Mehdi's video explaining how to perform the back squat, the reason why it is so important to squat to parallel is to avoid a muscle imbalance. In the ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

My back goes horizontal (forward) when squatting

When squatting, my back is too horizontal (forward). The bar goes forward of my toes. What should I do to correct this? Is it due to not keeping my lumbar tight enough? Also: I haven't checked ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Do the heavy squats in crossfit endurance program help with running performance

I'm about to start training for a 15km trail run and am wondering if the crossfit endurance program is effective. Is it worth getting a gym membership so I can do the heavy squats and deadlifts ...
4
votes
2answers
87 views

Squat for over weight people

I'm trying to do dumbbell squats but not possible. I feel unbalanced hence no confidence to put my weight on heels . Could anyone help me to find out how I could progress to there ? Is there way I can ...
4
votes
2answers
830 views

Are there any dumbbell exercises equivalent to the basic squat?

I'm considering buying a good set of dumbbell weights (pro tip: get them on craigslist) and a bench so that I can work out at home. However, I'm a big fan of the squat, but I don't want to have to ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Cable Squats vs Smith Machine Squats

Are cable machine squats easier to do than squats on a Smith machine? I'm able to do about 220 pounds on the cables, but I'm doubtful whether I'll be able to replicate the results on a Smith machine. ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Program that includes both front squats and low-bar back squats

Are there any programs that include both front squats and low-bar back squats? They both seem to have athletic benefits, and it seems like it would be worth my time considering to train both around ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

adductor / hamstring weirdness in the bottom of squat

I've been squatting for several years and have done regional level competitions and some quasi-formal training and coaching. Normally I can get any additional answers I need from other fitness friends ...
3
votes
4answers
116 views

Should I grind or should I fail?

I have noticed that I grind out the last 1 to 2 reps of my back squat for the last 2 to 3 sets. Sometimes this involves doing something funky with my hips or knees, which I don't like, but I have the ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Should I use safety squat bars?

My gym has a safety squat bar, like this one: So far, I've been sticking with the normal bar, but was wondering if there are reasons to should switch over. I'm not currently experiencing any pain ...
3
votes
2answers
443 views

pistol squats: which kind of barbell squat helps the most

I want to train up to do a pistol squat, and am trying to follow the general advice outlined on the Beast Skills Tutorial, but I'm trying to understand which of the 3 major styles of squats (low bar ...
3
votes
1answer
484 views

Squat calf machine v/s free weights Squats: Efficiency and knee safety

I recently tried to squat using the squat calf machine and I found it very practical and efficient for when you are training alone without a spotter. I have few questions: What are the main ...
3
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3answers
130 views

Barbell position during squats

When I squat, I cannot find a proper position that completely alleviates discomfort from the barbell. If it's too high, I find that I immediately feel a strain in my neck. Any further, it feels like ...
3
votes
4answers
85 views

Front squats lagging behind back squats by too much

Background I've noticed that my front squats are seriously lagging behind. I know that most people have a weaker front squat than back squat, but mine is about 50-60% behind in terms of 5-8RM. I ...
3
votes
2answers
255 views

Preventing upper back from rounding while squatting

My current bodyweight is 65kg and I am doing StrongLifts 5x5 for past two months. I am stuck between 70-75kg squat. Until 65kg squat it didn't matter much how my form was. I know that, I used to ...
3
votes
1answer
833 views

Don't feel muscle soreness until after a day [duplicate]

so, I only get this with my legs (meaning my quads and hamstrings and inner thighs) and my glutes...so here is my squat routine: 120kg - 2 sets of 6 repetitions followed by 1 set of 4 (it is really ...
3
votes
2answers
9k views

How does the angle of the squat machine affect muscle activation?

I've seen incline, decline, and horizontal squat machines at the gym. Does each one activate different muscles or are they effectively the same?
3
votes
2answers
994 views

Influence of hand position on squatting

I am familiar with two positions to keep the hands when doing body weight squats, either in front of your body with arms straight forward or slightly bent or behind the neck. Does this make a ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Max reps, boredom and carpet-burn

Is there any consensus on the maximum number of reps you should perform, before rotating? Curious as I find I get bored, or start to get say carpet burn (sit-ups), if the number exceeds a hundred. ...
3
votes
1answer
253 views

Squat form: out or down?

What's the right to squat: Focus on driving up and down, or on sticking one's backside out? From what guys at the gym say, and many pictures online, you need to be sticking yourself out. Yet from ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Herniated disc prohibits squats. What are alternative exercises?

I have a herniated disc...I went to doctor and told me that I could still lift weights as long as I don't do squats because of all the pressure that compress at the disc. What is a another ...
3
votes
3answers
149 views

Compare & contrast squat types

I am transitioning from a beginner program (5x5 Stronglifts) to an intermediate programme. Lots of exercise regimes recommend squats, but what is more suitable for developing: Powerlifting? ...
3
votes
1answer
799 views

My leg pinches in to my hip when squatting

I'm doing barbell squats as described in Starting Strength. When I get to a certain depth, I feel my thigh bone (femur?) pinching up against the inside of my pelvis, and feel like I can't go any ...
3
votes
3answers
153 views

Should you really work on your legs the most?

Since your legs are the biggest muscle group on your body, should they be worked more than the rest of the body? And should the chest and shoulders be the most worked on upper body becuase they are ...
3
votes
3answers
572 views

Squats with the Smith Machine

When I do squats on the smith machine, I start with my legs a few feet out in front of me and go down until I am in a sitting position. I've noticed that some people go down until they are almost ...