Which sports persons tend to have more developed calves/ calf muscles due to the sport activity & training protocols/ exercises?

I'm asking who has them, and what kind of activity, workouts, protocols are responsible for such

Update title to ensure it was not limited to Track & Field when I used the word athletes.

  • 2
    I don't know, but cyclists traditionally have pretty massive calves.
    – DeeV
    Commented Jul 15, 2018 at 14:11
  • Anecdotally I want to say long distance runners. Determining a reliably accurate answer to this question would prove difficult however. In theory you could simply look at pictures of hundreds of athletes, but that alone might not be as reliable as measurements which I doubt are going to be readily available. Commented Jul 18, 2018 at 16:14
  • Soccer players usually on average have thicker upper legs compared to say cricket players. So I'm sure there's patterns that Optimize calf muscles too. I'm guessing volleyball, basketball & certain athletics that involve jumps are more likely to create such stimulus
    – Alex S
    Commented Jul 19, 2018 at 3:45
  • @DeeV Cyclists? Hmm.. will look up that as I wasn't aware of that at all
    – Alex S
    Commented Jul 19, 2018 at 3:46
  • @AlexS - Cyclists, and track cyclists more than road cyclists, and track (cycling) sprinters more than pursuit riders. Also speed skaters, pretty much any sport where pushing away with the toes powerfully is a premium will have well developed calves.
    – JohnP
    Commented Jul 23, 2018 at 15:39

1 Answer 1


Sprinting is very tough on the calves. I've been running the 100, 200, and 400m races for several years now, training 4-5 times per week.

Previously I had been doing calve raises extremely frequently at the gym without too much improvement. Upon starting track, I noticed a significant increase in the size and strength in my calves.

  • Was this inspite of doing other "gym" exercises for Legs in addition to calf raises; i.e. Squats etc?
    – Alex S
    Commented Jul 23, 2018 at 16:29
  • Please do share what specific things and training details and differences were responsible for it
    – Alex S
    Commented Jul 23, 2018 at 19:01

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