Questions tagged [hypertrophy]

Muscle hypertrophy involves an increase in size of muscle through a growth in size of its cells. Two factors contribute to hypertrophy: sarcoplasmic hypertrophy, which focuses more on increased muscle glycogen storage; and myofibrillar hypertrophy, which focuses more on increased myofibril size.

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33
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3answers
2k views

How long should I rest in between sets?

If my goal is size. EDIT: Since other people with potentially different goals than mines are likely to see this question, it would be good if your answer includes the optimal rest times for different ...
23
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2answers
10k views

How is muscle repair affected by a caloric deficit?

Background Weightlifting creates micro-tears in the muscle. Protein and other nutrients repair the tears so the muscle grows back stronger and larger. Question How is muscle repair affected by a ...
16
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0answers
383 views

Losing Lean Muscle Mass (Detraining)

I have never fully understood how this exactly works. These questions pertain to the long term effects of strength training only. Basic Physiology of Hypertrophy (what is understood) During muscle ...
14
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4answers
3k views

Does muscle mass help or hurt for powerlifting and other strength sports?

When training for powerlifting, olympic lifting, strongman events, etc., the majority of training cycles in an overall program would be focused on strength (myofibular hypertrophy) and perhaps power. ...
10
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2answers
3k views

Neural Adaptation Training vs. Hypertrophy Training?

I see training broken up as neural adaptation and hypertrophy. One type of training allows your nervous system to fire at a maximum level while the latter allows you to build size and muscle. The ...
9
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2answers
2k views

Conceptually, why does creatine increase muscle size?

Muscle contractions are powered by ATP losing a phosphate and becoming ADP. Creatine can give away one phosphate to convert ADP back to ATP. With more ATP, muscles are more powerful. How is any of ...
9
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1answer
304 views

Rationale behind Rep Range recommendations - Strength vs Hypertrophy

It makes no sense to me why the rep range for “hypertrophy” and body builders is according to NSCA and many other sources is 3 sets and 10-12 reps. At the most basic level cross bridges formation ...
9
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6answers
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What scientific evidence says cables build less muscle than free weights?

Look at any classic bodybuilding book or DVD and it will say free weights are superior to cables (and machines) for muscular hypertrophy. Joe Weider and Arnold Schwarzenegger are two famous proponents ...
7
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3answers
408 views

Does hypertrophy need to be maintained?

I'm familiar with the general idea of adaptation and super compensation, and the loss of strength if your body doesn't feel you need it anymore because the increased load isn't present. I've been ...
6
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3answers
5k views

Is physiology of muscle growth a pseudoscience?

It seams that there is no actual scientific research in the physiology of muscle growth. All the studies done are far from scientific since all of those are statistical studies, the results of which ...
6
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2answers
564 views

Is it necessary to train 'outer' pecs or 'inner' pecs?

For years the three Staples of chest development I have known have been upper pecs, middle pecs, and lower pecs. There are a lot of posts about inner and outer oec development.. and even a lot of ...
6
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1answer
130 views

Do any particular exercise regimes consume excess cholesterol?

I've searched for questions about cholesterol before, and haven't found a satisfactory answer; most seemed to be all speculation and little fact. I was wondering whether the generally accepted strict ...
5
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6answers
4k views

Can you get jacked-up without weights (more broadly, without equipment) or supplements?

My experience seems to show that you can't significantly change anything regarding your physique with solely your body weight, even if you work out regularly for years. On the other hand, you can find ...
5
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4answers
157 views

Less sleep the night before, in order to sleep more the night after a strength workout

I know about the importance of good sleep after strength workouts, due to the release of growth hormone during deep sleep. No matter how hard I try, my body refuses to sleep more than 6 hours. Going ...
5
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3answers
210 views

Are there advantages to breaking up a workout?

For instance, say you're doing an HST (Hypertrophy-Specific Training) routine, and you can choose between Routine 1 ad Routine 2. In Routine 1 you would be doing 3 full-body sessions per week, and in ...
5
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1answer
2k views

What is the function of myosatellite cells, and how do they relate to performance?

Three questions pertaining to myosatellite cells: What are myosatellite cells? What function do they have in the muscles? How do they relate to performance?
5
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3answers
739 views

How fast should a rep be in strength, power, hypertrophy and endurance goal workout?

I would like to know what is the tempo for a rep in any kind of the four workouts mentioned above in order to gain the best result in the relevant workout. I don't know if it is correct to give each ...
5
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7answers
6k views

Mixing high intensity and high volume in a single session

It seems to be generally agreed upon that high intensity (i.e. heavy weights) for fewer reps, tends to make you stronger, while high volume (i.e. less weight) for more reps, tends to make you bigger ...
5
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1answer
182 views

Are there studies on the number of sets that should be performed per exercise?

It's now well established that the number of hard sets correlates well with hypertrophy. Are there any studies that investigate how a given number of sets should be distributed among different ...
5
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1answer
845 views

Correct seated Row technique

I would like to know the correct seated Rows technique. I wanted to use this exercise to develop the middle back particularly the lower Traps/middle Traps and Rhomboids. I already do Deadlifts and ...
4
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1answer
7k views

How can a vegetarian ectomorph put on lean muscle mass?

I know there has already been a question relating protein to vegetarianism, but the answers mostly speculated on whether it was possible for vegetarians to get enough protein. Which kind of diet ...
4
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1answer
186 views

Slow training versus Explosive training

super slow lifting is superior Two studies were done with untrained men (N= 65) and women (N= 82),(mean age= 53.6) who trained two to three times per week for eight to 10 weeks on a 13 exercise ...
4
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2answers
114 views

Good hypertrophy program if you only have dumbbells?

So I'm stuck staying at home now and for the foreseeable future, and I don't have enough equipment to keep up with strength goals. Specifically, I have no barbell, no rack, etc. I do have dumbbells ...
4
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2answers
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Is there good scientific evidence on the effectiveness of rest days for building mass?

I'm wondering if there is any study that compares two groups doing identical exercises, except that one group has fewer rest days than the other. I have seen a lot of conflicting evidence on the ...
4
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1answer
158 views

Hypertrophy with calisthenics skills

How can I structure a training program aimed at hypertrophy using calisthenics skills such as planche and front lever? I identify myself as an beginner/intermediate in calisthenics skills. I can ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Does the optimal hypertrophy rep range apply to tired muscles?

It is generally accepted that the optimal rep range for muscular hypertrophy is around 6-10 reps. And it is also generally accepted that after 3 minutes of rest muscles will recuperate all the energy ...
4
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1answer
2k views

Running and hypertrophy at the same time: is it possible?

Is it possible to run and do an hypertrophy training at the same time and don't lose weight? I am currently training for 20km: 3 times a week, but since I started, I lost weight.
4
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1answer
95 views

The science behind the distribution of muscle mass, and how the body decides where to build or breakdown muscle

May I know if there have been journal article reviews or studies that deal with how the body decides where to build or breakdown muscle first, and the metabolic/endocrinal/molecular mechanisms behind ...
4
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2answers
155 views

Does speed cause hypertrophy?

I was messing up on the bar and wanted to test myself. I activated a timer of 30 seconds and jumped on the bar trying to rep as many pull-ups as I could before the time ran out. I did 13 in the 30 ...
3
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3answers
2k views

Can starting strength be morphed to fit hypertrophy purposes?

If I take an 'off the shelf' starting strength workout and increase the repetitions to the 8-12 range per set, will it be an effective hypertrophy workout? Day 1 Squat 3x12 Bench 3x12 Snatch ...
3
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3answers
377 views

More protein = more potential for muscle growth?

I remember reading some researches some months ago which suggested that after a certain treshold increasing protein intake does not increase muscle growth and a small amount was more than enough for ...
3
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3answers
1k views

Train for strength or hypertrophy?

I'm almost 19 years of age and I am regularly doing gym since 3 months. With the height of 5'10 and weight of merely 115 pounds, I initially joined the gym with the intention of becoming a little '...
3
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3answers
10k views

How do legs change in response to running?

Background Information: I recently began a running/walking regime that lasts for 30 minutes. I think I run about half the journey and walk the other half of the journey. There are 2 very steep ...
3
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2answers
179 views

Rep ranges and the effect of “breaking” up a set

I understand there are lots of unresearched questions here about rep range. This question is not about what rep range is "best" for some purpose. The research on this topic is well summarized in this ...
3
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2answers
591 views

Is the muscle pump after exercise due to increased cellular Na (due to reduced ATP availability)?

Cellular hypoxia leads to reduced ATP, resulting in Na/K ATPase down regulation reducing the activity of the Na/K pump. (Since I'm limited to two hyperlinks in a question currently, this first one ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Muscles fibres, hypertrophy and energy systems

I've asked a few questions on this site about, and have been doing some reading, on: muscle fibre types (slow twich and fast twitch) hypertrophy (myofibrillar and sarcoplasmic) energy systems (ATP-PC,...
3
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1answer
111 views

Squat accessory movements - Does the inclusion of both leg extensions and sissy squats make sense?

When considering quad accessory movements to compliment squats, does it make sense to include both leg extensions and (machine) sissy squats? Or put another way, are these exercises sufficiently ...
3
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4answers
285 views

Compare & contrast squat types

I am transitioning from a beginner program (5x5 Stronglifts) to an intermediate programme. Lots of exercise regimes recommend squats, but what is more suitable for developing: Powerlifting? ...
2
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2answers
621 views

What are the functional effects of hypertrophy?

Hypertrophy means that your muscles are bigger, but does this mean that they don't perform better or worse than smaller muscles? Is it really possible for hypertrophy of the muscles to have no ...
2
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2answers
132 views

Will reducing rest between sets make push ups better for hypertrophy?

Some personal stats: 52 yo. 140 lbs. 5'9" My max for push ups in one set is around 35. My 1RM for bench is 145 lbs. If I use 75% 1RM for doing sets of 10 reps, I should lift around 110 lbs. If I ...
2
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4answers
429 views

Alternative calf exercises

I feel like my calves aren't gaining size proportionally to the rest of my body. In terms of leg exercises, I do all the regular stuff like deadlifts, squats, and a bunch of isolation exercises, ...
2
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2answers
2k views

How do I progress in my squats?

I have been stuck for 2months on the same max weight of 90kg for one rep.For 5 reps I am stuck in 75kg for 5 reps.As soon I increase weight to 80kg,my reps count becomes 2-3 & after that form ...
2
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1answer
209 views

How to combine strength, hypertrophy and stability in one weight training program

I just read about a training program used by US Army Rangers: https://www.muscleandfitness.com/workouts/workout-routines/full-spectrum-strong-army-ranger-workout-army This program seems attractive ...
2
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1answer
195 views

Are the idea of 3x10 reps just internet talk?

Everywhere on the internet if you look for gym programs to promote hypertrophy you will see 3 sets of 7-10 reps etc. A personal trainer in the gym i go at has warned me not to believe most of what is ...
2
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1answer
134 views

Are anabolic steroids required to achieve certain strength and musculature? [closed]

The question asks about whether or not anabolic steroids (test, tren, dianabol, inhibitors, insulin, HGH, etc.) are required to reach a specific level of strength or musculature. Some people, even ...
2
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1answer
181 views

How is hypertrophy (muscle-gain) provoked?

What are the mechanisms that must be present in order for me to gain lean muscle mass (purely from a training perspective)?
2
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2answers
219 views

Is Hypertrophy-Specific-Training Enough to Maintain Maximal Strength Levels?

For starters, I usually train specifically for maximal strength gains. As my strength has increased, I've trained to lift maximally using a belt. Unfortunately, I recently injured a couple of my ...
2
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2answers
248 views

Muscle size reduction sans loss

I'm in a rather weird situation here. I've been doing weights for about a year; it's been going well due to a good trainer (my brother), good attitude and suchlike. I've been able to keep going 4 days ...
2
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1answer
555 views

Should rep range be determined by muscle fiber composition?

There are many people, including Arnold Schwarzenegger and Hodge Twins, who say that endurance and stabilizer muscles should be worked out at high rep ranges (16+) for optimal hypertrophy. Their ...
2
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1answer
299 views

Flat dumbbell press and incline dumbbell press (45°) [retraction,weights motion path]

How to retract my scapula? On YouTube people often show retraction in such a way that it creates an ass-crack in between the shoulder blades, but when I try to retract like them, I retract but such ...