37

First, it must be noted that the quantity of protein that is being recommended by the calculator you have found is not supported by science. The literature suggests that optimal recovery occurs with a maximum of about 2 grams per kilogram of (lean) body mass per day (g/kg/d), with most of the world's institutes of sport, for example, recommending between 1.5 ...


32

Eggs, by their nature, have a substantial amount of good protein in them, 6 grams in a large egg, along with the cholesterol and calories needed to sustain exercise. In the 1890s, it was believed that cooking the egg removed some of the nutritional values and this tradition was carried on through the worlds of bodybuilding and boxing as word-of-mouth "truth"....


24

45 minutes is fine. 2 hours, also fine. The whole "you need to do it RIGHT AFTER YOUR WORKOUT" is a misinterpretation of actual science, propagated by protein shake producers, because a protein shake is much more convenient than a chicken dinner in the locker room. They call it the "anabolic window". Source.


14

Most people have misconceptions what 'tone', what it is, and how to achieve it. Being toned is a combination of two things - having muscle mass, and having a low enough amount of body fat to show the definition between the aforementioned muscles. A six pack is simply satisfying these conditions in a specific area - the stomach. Lifting If you're 6'1 152, ...


13

Unless you're running in extreme heat conditions, for 30 minutes to an hour you really don't need any on course hydration. Drink some water beforehand, and afterwards to replenish sweat loss, and you should be fine. I've run up to 2 hours without on course hydration in moderate conditions. There is some evidence that even 2% dehydration can start to cause ...


13

Don't worry about it. My gym has had an InBody scanner for a few years now, so I've had a bit of experience with them. Assuming it's the same model as the one I'm used to, it uses bio-electrical impedance to measure your fat / muscle percentages. The problem with these is that, although you believe you're keeping all other variables the same, it's just not ...


11

You want to look muscled without being big. The good news is, it's hard to get too many muscles. The solution is to lift a little and get your body fat down. "Toned" The word "toned" means different things to different people. It's not a technical term, like "strong" or "powerful" or even "big". Most people use "toned" to communicate their desire to look ...


11

Your mother is in a seriously dangerous place, and this really is in the realm of nutrition and medicine more than physical fitness (as far as priorities go). Her endocrine, cardiovascular, muscular, and skeletal systems have to be off-the-charts bad. There's a good movie that came out recently called Fed Up: it lays out a lot of the more horrible aspects ...


10

Your question is very general, and will therefore only attract general answers, so this will be that. Fixing posture While you don't mention this yourself, C.Lange makes a good point about posture in the comments. To elaborate, it's clear from your second picture (shoulders from the side), that your shoulders are slumped forward and your neck has a sort of ...


9

Alcohol has many detrimental effects in the body, and you cannot replace carbs with it. Lowers Growth Hormone and Testosterone Inhibits recovery Causes dehydration Lowers muscle glycogen Decreases aerobic capacity It is caloric, but non-nutrient Alcohol has a catabolic effect on protein synthesis; the result is lower muscle mass/smaller gains, but it also ...


9

When you relax, all the fat is falling down to your lower belly, and stretching the skin out and away from abdominal muscles. When you flex, the fat gets spread out over a larger surface area, showing the outline of what lies underneath. This situation is true for a lot of people. If you want your abs to show while relaxing, you need to lose some of that ...


9

This is not really going to be a definitive answer, as you can find studies that support almost any position, so what I'm looking at for this is the trend of the studies that I've reviewed. Overall, I am finding that there are more studies that show soy protein does not have a detrimental effect on free testosterone, especially when connected to a ...


8

The biggest thing I see going on here is your diet is very unbalanced. That is going to cause health problems if you don't make changes, soon. One of the basics of nutrition is that your body has essential nutrients that it must consume from food and cannot make itself. Unfortunately, carbohydrates don't qualify as essential. There are 9 essential amino ...


8

I have no option beside protein powders. Just, because I cannot eat more than [a piece of chicken, 2 eggs, and a serving fish per day]. Yeah, right. There's no reason not to eat six eggs, double the chicken, and an extra serving of fish except you don't want to put in the effort. Two eggs? Two eggs is how many you eat when you're trying to lose weight! Get ...


8

When simultaneously doing body recomposition (losing fat weight) and trying to push your strength lifts, the highest priorities are carefully balanced overall calorie intake, and a high proportion of protein. You seem to be doing okay with overall calorie intake. Keep an eye on your energy levels, throughout the day and during workouts. If you consistently ...


7

First my opinion about protein shakes is well resumed here: http://stronglifts.com/milk-post-workout-build-muscle-gains/ http://www.science20.com/news/study_says_milk_is_as_good_as_protein_drinks_for_workouts I think heavy protein shakes directly before workout are not advisable, because you body needs to digest. If you necessarily want to take them, drink ...


7

Enemy is a strong word, and carbohydrates can be a great fuel source for athletes and those engaged in any training program. However, as the saying goes, Too much of a good thing... When you take a bite of something that contains carbohydrates, the carbs will eventually convert to blood glucose (blood sugar). A high level of blood sugar can be toxic, so the ...


7

Managing fatigue can be challenging at times, but the following three items may be contributing factors: Insufficient Carbs. Carbohydrates are part of the fuel needed to replenish and repair muscle. This is with the assumption that your protein and fat intake is high enough. Insufficient Calories. You might not be eating enough calories to fuel muscle ...


7

The ideal scenario is to test your breakfast during training, as the last thing you need is to eat something that upsets your stomach. I'm not a triathlete, but have run several marathons. For me porridge with honey worked well, with a banana nearer the start time. Personally I wouldn't have the fruit salad, but everyone is different. If you have ...


7

We evolved to find calorie-dense foods very tasty, and we don't have taste-receptors for micro-nutrients When humans (and most of their predecessors) did most of our evolving, low-calorie plants were plentiful. Sweet fruit wasn't usually around all year. Meat could be hunted, but it required plenty of energy and effort, and was usually quite lean. (Much ...


7

This is very much an individual question, as everyone has different requirements and reacts in different ways to fluid and food intake when running. It's just very much trial and error to find what works for you. However, what you can do is start tracking your runs, time of day, how you feel, what you ate, things like that. Over time, you will get data such ...


7

First let's look at what your acquaintance actually does to the diet itself. Suppose that his normal TDEE is 2500 kcal. That means, at his regular activity level given his job and physique, training not considered, he'd need about 2500 kcal per day to supply his body with the energy it needs. Eating that, there would be neither weight gain from excess ...


7

There are already some answers that address this, basically tissue is being torn down and needs to be repaired. But it goes further: there are simply a pile of benefits to upping protein (2012 study): Protein seems to play an important role in the emergence of [feeling full]. Long-term ingestion of a high-protein diet not only decreases food intake ...


6

@astha, first of all see the Berin's answer which is full of essential and very useful information about nutrition. If this general overview is not enough for you I would just suggest to find some fitness diet on the internet. EDIT HERE: One question arose today and you can get some inspiration there: Any advice for improving my diet chart? As I said in ...


6

I've reduced my water consumption during bike races to a minimum, see my question about this. I try not to drink anything within the first hour of activity, depending on the temperature this time varies, of course. While running is a bit different from biking I think it isn't absolutely necessary to carry something to drink while running, if you are unsure, ...


6

Be careful drinking caffine after exercise, particularly if it's a coffee to go. Think about this. You have just exercised and your heart rate is already high, then you have caffine which elevates your heart rate even higher. I know this wasn't your question, but I wouldn't recommend coffee or any drink with caffine as a post recover drink. Milk based ...


6

There's a 2005 study, and plenty of others, that show a clear dopamine release when sugar is ingested. This one shows that (in rats) it's on par with addictive narcotics. These results suggest another neurochemical similarity between intermittent bingeing on [sugar] and drugs of abuse: both can repeatedly increase extracellular [dopamine]. This 2013 ...


6

Your post exercise meal should be a mix of carbs and protein. Fast or slow absorption has not been shown to be an issue for amateur athletes--adequate protein intake is an issue. For a vegan this could be any mix of foods which should be part of your existing diet. Emphasis should be placed on proteins which have a higher completeness score and high ...


6

There is a concept called the "anabolic window", which is a belief that directly after a workout our body is primed for optimal muscle protein synthesis (muscle growth) and that this period lasts only a short while, with anything after that far less effective. When I say a short while, I mean on the scale of half an hour or so. There is however no sufficient ...


6

No. The caffeine content in a normal 330ml coke does promote thermogenesis through metabolic stimulation but the amount it does this is so small that it is negligible. Cold drinks do not cause you to expend significant amounts of energy heating them up either. If you want to know the amount of energy a drink will provide then just look at the caloric ...


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