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5

Rubber "bumper" plates were not invented until 1967.1,2 Prior to that, only steel and iron plates were available, and dropping those from overhead would likely damage the equipment or platform.


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The lower body muscles will be very slightly active in order to maintain balance in any standing exercise, however the calf muscles are very strong and the calf loading involved in a standing upper body exercise will be negligible compared to the loading that would occur in a deliberate calf exercise. In short, it's almost certainly fine, but if trying to ...


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In a way, you work them isometrically if you can maintain a good “form”. If you want to train legs, you should perform exercises that specifically target them and involves concentric and eccentric contraction. In the case of calves, you can do exercises like calves raises or even squats with tip toe at the bottom or top of your squat. (https://i.stack.imgur....


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We need to talk about what shoulder rotation actually is, because none of the provided images are accurately representing it, and it isn't really even possible to achieve internal rotation during a barbell row. Shoulder rotation is the rotation of the humerus. It can be most obviously seen when the elbows are bent at 90°, because then shoulder rotation will ...


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I think pushing with thighs is potentially very problematic because it might cause the bar to move horizontally which you don't want. Rising with the heels without jumping too much is the general advice that I have heard/seen. Keep elbows outward rotated so as to prevent early arm bend, then once the bar passes the hip crease (it's a brush not a bang), shrug ...


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With huge loads [the bar] must be practically above the midfoot. In this Good Morning + Squat Exercise, it seems to me that at the end of the good morning phase, the barbell position cannot be changed too much, and that is enough in front of the midfoot. How can we deal with huge loads in this exercise? You can shift the position of the bar backwards ...


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Your scapula should be in a neutral position. Your scapula and GH joint is responsible to bring your arms upwards. If you keep it retracted, your shoulder blades can’t rotate upwards. Upward rotation performed by upper traps, serratus anterior and lower traps. This force couple is important. During an overhead press, the shrug will come last, so imagine you’...


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There's a lot to get into here, but it's super interesting, and I'm in the mood for it. Why it's a hassle to calculate How can we evaluate the force F? I've seen people using the previous equation in case of a squat by replacing F with their bodyweigth plus the barbell weigth, both multiplied by g = 9.81 m/s. This will be terribly inaccurate for a few ...


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I believe it is designed this way to challenge the glutes more intensively as the lever arm is longer. Barbell above mid foot is giving us the most efficient bar path during a squat but that does not mean all exercises need to be carried out in that manner. You can do a squat while holding a dumbbell with your arms outstretch. This introduces a different ...


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Neutral position. Your scapula and GH joint is responsible to bring your arms upwards. If you keep it retracted, your shoulder blades can’t rotate upwards. Upward rotation performed by upper traps, serratus anterior and lower traps. This force couple is important. You don’t have to depress your shoulder blades. Depressing it may lead to pain in your ...


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Great seeing this discussion! I have also recently learned about this. We don’t need no extreme shoulder blade retractions. Common cue of depressing the scapula may also lead to neck pain as it lengthens the upper traps and shorten the levator scap.


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Your rotator cuffs stabilises your head of humerus in the glenoid cavity. When doing that exercise, all the RCs got to work to make sure the head of humerus is centred in the socket. There needs to be a balance in the force coming from all the RCs. I’ll list the muscles used in concentric phase of movement: Step 1-2: Scapula retractors Step 3: External ...


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Do you have very tight chest and lat muscles? These are the 2 main internal rotators of your shoulder. You can try stretching those while strengthening your external rotators. I’m guessing what the image meant by internal rotation is referring to an anterior tilt of the scapula. Engaging lower traps may be difficult if there is a lack of strength to combat ...


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Generally, any lifting program with progressive overload will produce hypertrophy in some manner. It is impossible to state whether or not this (or any exercise) will produce hypertrophy without effort and progression details. I recommend you read the "Types Of Muscle Hypertrophy" and "Training Variables And Muscle Hypertrophy" of the ...


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I see also that the legs do not seem to boost the lift, as Oleksiy Torokhtiy keeps his feet entirely on the floor. If by "boost", you mean that the legs are used explosively to pull the bar as high as possible, then this can still be done with the feet flat on the ground, and this is the aim of the first part of this movement. In a complete snatch,...


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Fixed repetitions, no rest. Which means you can only progress by making the repetitions slower or by increasing weight. If any kind of progressive overload is happening you will build muscle regardless of the method used. As for this method particularly, there are some studies suggesting supersets in with antagonistic muscles can help you increase strength ...


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Jeremy Either (the guy in the pictures) isn't the most knowleable and trustworthy when it comes to human anatomy, but to his excuse when people talk about the rotator cuff they only mention it in two distinct occasions: Strenghtening the rotator cuff = only external rotators exist Injured rotator cuff = only internal rotators are the cause It's a common ...


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This is a great observation that I don't see talked about enough. For everyone who isn't a powerlifter, your scapula should move during the bench. The main reason pinning the shoulder blades back became a thing is because it allows powerlifters to move more weight. Everything a powerlifter does is to simply get the heaviest weight from point A to point B by ...


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